Growing male prostitution in Russia as a social problem

Growing male prostitution in Russia as a social problem

Smirnov A.M.

Dr. Sci. (Law), Associate Prof., Chief Researcher SIC-2, Research Institute, Federal Penitentiary Service; Department of Criminal Law Disciplines, International Law Institute, Moscow, Russia

ID of the Article: 7299

For citation:

Smirnov A.M. Growing male prostitution in Russia as a social problem . Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 8. P. 128-133


The article actualizes the problem of male prostitution in Russia. The characteristics of males who provide sexual services on a commercial basis are given, it is shown that the provision of these services discredits the gender characteristics of a man, his appearance in the «mirror» of the generally accepted social and moral norms of behavior. The system of factors contributing to the spread of this social phenomenon in Russian society is described: sodo- idedogical (lowering the level of morality); sodo-economic (the formation of a «consumer society», the financial disadvantage of a large part of the population, especially among young people and marginalized groups, the emergence of precariat; the increase in the socioeconomic status of women, the development of the market for erotic and pornographic content); socio-cultural (freedom of sexual behavior, deformation of gender identity of men, tolerance to the practice of same-sex sexual contacts); social-psychological (infantilization of males, the desire to earn «easy money», the absence or reduction of possible ways of self-assertion of the individual in society, the spread of the phenomenon of sodal loneliness, the psychological «liberation» of a modem Russian woman); sodal-pedagogical (educational) (crisis of the family institution, homelessness, lack of a system of sexual education and education of minors and youth); sociomedical (earty sexual life of males, free access to contraceptives). In spite of the fact that there are currently quite a large number of supporters for the introduction of commercial sexual services on a commerdal basis, induding male ones, the author is convinced that the phenomenon deserves a negative sodal and ethical evaluation. Prostitution is a «breeding ground» for the antisocial way of life, leading to various kinds of offenses, induding crime (in particular, «drug crime»). In connection with this, it is required to conduct sdentific research on the social nature of male prostituting behavior in Russia and to develop effective measures for its prevention.

russian society; male prostitution; morality; social health


Alikhadzhieva I.S. (2018) Prostitution as a social Phenomenon and the Object of Legal Regulation. Moscow: Yurlitinform. (In Russ.)

Allen D.V. (1980) Young male prostitutes: a psychosocial study. Archives of Sexual Behaviour. Vol. 10:15-21.

Antonyan Yu.M. (2017) Escape from Civilization. Moscow: Yurlitinform. (In Russ.)

Bozon M., Kontula K. (1998) Sexual Initiation and Gender in Europe: a Cross-Cultural Analysis of Trends in the 20 Century. London: UC L Press.

Callender G, Kochems LN. (1983) The North American berdache. Current Anthropology. Vol. 24:17-25.

Deryagin G.B. (2012) Criminal Sexology. Moscow: UNITY-DANA. (In Russ.)

Drozdov A.O. (2001) «Aggressive» TV: social and psychological analysis of the phenomenon. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 8:62-67. (In Russ.)

Enikeeva D. (2003) Gay and Lesbian. Moscow: Izd-vo AST. (In Russ.)

Gilinskii Ya.I. (2009) Deviance in consumer society. Kriminologicheskii zhumal Baikal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta ekonomiki iprava [Criminological magazine Baikal State University of Economics and Law], No. 4: 5-12. (In Russ.)

Gilinskii Ya.I. (2009) Sociology of deviations (nova and outlook. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 8: 70-73. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov M.K., Sheregi F.E. (2009) Youth prostitution and changes in attitudes toward marriage. Monitoring obshchesbvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskiye i sotsial'nyye peremeny [Monitoring of public opinion: economic and social changes]. No. 4 (98): 216-239. (In Russ.)

Herdt G. (1981) Guardians of the Flutes: Idioms of Masculinity. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Manych Ye.G. (2006) Prostitution: criminological and crirnnally-legal aspects of counteraction: diss... kand. yurid. naulc Moscow. (In Russ.)

Martineau L. (1985) La Prostitution Clandestine. Paris.

Robert C, Karla B. (2002) Our Sexuality. New York.

Ryvkina V.V. (2001) Way of life of Russia's population: social aftereffects of 1990's reforms. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 4:32-39. (In Russ.)

Toshenko Zh.T. (2013) New trends in the development of Russian sociology. Gumanitarii Yuga Rossii [Humanitarians of the South Russia], No. 1:23-36. (In Russ.)

Toschenko Zh.T. (2015) Phantoms of the Russian Society. Moscow: CSP i M. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.N. (2015) Precariat- a new social class. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 6:3-13. (In Russ.)

Yamaguchi K., Kandel D.B. (1999) Youth Sexuality. Final Results. Cologne: Federal center for health education.

Content No 8, 2018