Losses of the Russian Army during Counter-terrorist Operation in North Caucasus (1999–2012):
a Socio-demographic Analysis
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Chief researcher, Federal Research Center the Southern Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russia SS7707@mail.ru
The article was prepared within the framework of the grant of the Russian Science Foundation “War and the population of southern Russia in the XVIII – early XXI century: history, demography, anthropology” (project No. 17-18-01411).
The article examines the quantitative, spatial, dispersal dynamics, as well as the personnel and national structure of the irretrievable losses the Russian army suffered during counterterrorism efforts in North Caucasus (from August 1999 till 2012). A complete biographical guide of dead servicemen (more than 3,720 people) was used as an empirical base for the study. The relationship between the scale of army casualties, their Russian geography and their share in the total losses of Russian security officials made it possible to single out three main periods in the evolution of Russian counter-terrorism efforts in North Caucasus: combined armed operation (1999–2000/2001), comprehensive counter-terrorism efforts (2000/2001–2005/2006), series of local CTE (since 2006/2007). Directly in the spatial distribution of army casualties on the territory of Russia, three stages are also clearly recorded – federal, South Russian, and North Caucasian.
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