Institutional and Informal Lobbying Practices:
the Problem of Separation and Interpretation
Dос. Sci. (Phil.), Prof., Head of Department of Applied Sociology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
The article analyzes possibilities and limitations of institutional (including legislative) regulation of various consolidated representation and lobbying practices in interaction with government structures. Almost any legal institutional lobbying transaction will have its own inconspicuous twin reducing transaction costs in the public communications markets. Informal lobbying practices are used by all interest-based conglomerations, no matter how well established. In reality, laws can regulate only a small part of the behavioral diversity in the lobbying market, regardless of the state of a particular national legislation. The author identifies five reasons why formal and informal lobbying are complementary, and not interchangeable types of activities. The article describes the subjects of informal lobbying (including social networks).