The Role of Agrarian Elites in the Central Russia Deindustrialization

The Role of Agrarian Elites in the Central Russia Deindustrialization

Nechayev D.N.

Dr. Sci. (Polit.), Professor of the Department of Social and Humanitarian Disciplines, Voronezh Branch of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Voronezh, Russia.

Liubkina O.R.

Postgraduate student of the Department of Management of Socio-Economic Systems and Business Processes, Voronezh Branch of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Voronezh, Russia.

ID of the Article: 9121

For citation:

Nechayev D.N., Liubkina O.R. The Role of Agrarian Elites in the Central Russia Deindustrialization. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2022. No 5. P. 81-91


The article analyzes the factor of competition between agricultural and industrial elites in the regions of the Russian Federation, which, according to the theory of the American sociologist R. Laсhman, determines either the technological modernization of territories and industrial development, or the deindustrialization of regions and preservation of agrarian archaism in them. The agrarian elites of the Central Russia regions, representing diverse groups of interests in agro-industrial complex and rural areas, in the processes of deindustrialization of territories is investigated. It is emphasized that between 1992 and 2014, the time of the adoption of the Federal Law on Industrial Policy in the Russian Federation, there was an objective imbalance of political influence of agrarian and industrial elites in the Russian regions. After all, in the conditions of radical socio-economic transformations, it was also about the physical survival of various social strata of society, the mission of which was assumed by more consolidated and active groups of agricultural producers. The competitive advantages of agrarian elites in the ruling stratum of the Russian Federation subjects, which are relayed in political decisions at the subnational level in the interests of the agro-industrial complex and the social strata of rural residents, are identified and substantiated. Other reasons for the Central Federal District regions deindustrialization, which were based on the influence of agrarian elites, are also formulated. The article ends with conclusions about the role of the agrarian elites in the territories deindustrialization and key factors in overcoming its consequences.

elites; interest groups; agrarian and industrial elites; old industrial regions; deindustrialization; new industrialization


Fromm E. (2016) Anatomy of human destructiveness. Moscow: AST.

Gaman-Golutvina O.V. (2006) Political elites of Russia: Milestones of historical evolution. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

Grandson-Lipinsky E. (2012) Sociology of public life. Moscow: Mysl. (In Russ.)

Heclo H. (2006) Thinking institutionally. Political institutions. Oxford: University Рress: 731–742.

Hedlund S. (2015) Invisible hands, the experience of Russia and social science. Ways to explain a systemic failure. Moscow: VSHE. (In Russ.)

Industrial production in Russia 2019: Become. Sat. (2019) Moscow: Rosstat. (In Russ.)

Jones B.D. (1989) Causation, Constraint, and Political Leadership. In: Leadership and Politics. New Perspektives in Political Science. Kansas: University Press of Kansas: 3–14.

Kryshtanovskaya O. (2005) Anatomy of the Russian elite. Moscow: Zakharov.

Lakhman R. (2020) States and power. Moscow: «Delo» RANEPA. (In Russ.)

Lever W.F. (1991) Deindustrialisation and the Reality of the Post-industrial City. Urban Studies. Vol. 28. No. 6: 983–999.

Nagle J. (1992) Recruitment of Elite. In: Encyclopedia of Government and Politics. Vol. 1. Ed. by M.E. Hawkesworth, M. Kogan. London: Routledge: 486–503.

Nesterova D.V. (2006) Methodological principles of the analysis of the economy of the old industrial type. In: Old industrial regions: prospects and limitations of socio-economic modernization. Yekaterinburg: Ural. Un-t. (In Russ.)

Regions of Russia. The main characteristics of the subjects of the Russian Federation. 2016: St. Sat. (2019) Moscow: Rosstat. (In Russ.)

Russian Statistical Yearbook: St. sat. (2000) Moscow: Goskomstat Russii. (In Russ.)

Schumpeter J.A. (2008) Theory of economic development. In: Schumpeter J.A. Theory of economic development. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Moscow: Eksmo: 31–362. (In Russ.)

Sorokina N.Yu., Latov Yu.V. (2018) Evolution of old industrial regions in the Russian economy. Voprosy regulirovaniya ehkonomiki [Issues of economic regulation]. Vol. 9. No. 1: 6–22. (In Russ.)

Content No 5, 2022