Geopolitical Challenges and Russian Sociology

Geopolitical Challenges and Russian Sociology

Kravchenko S.A.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Head of the Sociology Department, MGIMO University; Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Russia, Moscow, Russia

ID of the Article: 9487

For citation:

Kravchenko S.A. Geopolitical Challenges and Russian Sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2023. No 2. P. 51-62


The author analyzes geo-political and socio-digital-natural challenges to Russia, its national human capital, caused by a crisis of the liberal model of globalization, the transition from the unipolar to a multipolar world, the processes of hybridization of the socio-digital-natural reality. It is shown that their complex causality and consequences for society and nature are interpreted in a onesided and politicized manner in the liberal sociology that dominates the West, whose representatives claim a “universality” of their theories. Principled response to these challenges were the sovereign modernization that began in Russia, embracing economy, digital technologies, science, education, and healthcare. In this context, a sovereignization of national sociologies is in demand, understood as nationally oriented interdisciplinary theories with sociological core based on modern trends of the complexity and non-linearity in the multipolar world making, hybrid socio-digital-natural realities in the context of which optimal ways for reproducing national human capital are argued for, improving lifestyles of Russian citizens, increasing competitiveness of the humanistic “humanization” in the macro and micro worlds of nature.

geopolitics; crisis; liberal model of globalization; sovereignization/desovereignization; hybrid reality; nationally oriented sociology; human capital


Albrow M. (1990) Introduction. In: Globalization, Knowledge and Society. Ed. by M. Albrow, E. King. London: Sage Publication.

Alexander J.C. (2017) The Drama of Social Life. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Baudrillard J. (2003) To the Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign. Moscow: Biblion-Russian book. (In Russ.)

Bauman Z. (2006) Liquid Times. Living in an Age of Uncertainty. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Bauman Z., Obirek S. (2015) Of God and Man. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Beck U. (2007) Cosmopolitan Vision. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Beck U. (2016) The Metamorphosis of the World. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Castells M. (2015) Networks of Outrage and Hope. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Castells M. (2017) Another Economy is Possible. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Collins P.H. (2005) Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. New York: Routledge.

Corber R.J., Valocchi S. (2003) (eds) Queer Studies. Oxford: Blackwell.

Deleuze J., Guattari F. (1996) Rizoma. In: Philosophy of the Postmodern Era. Minsk. (In Russ.)

Dmitriev A.V., Sytchev A.A. (2014) Scandal. Socio-philosophical Essays: [monograph]. Moscow: IF RAN. (In Russ.)

Eisenstadt Sh. (1995) Breakthroughs of the “Axial Time”: Their Features and Origin. In: Modern theories of civilizations. Issue. 3. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

Freud Z. (1997) Psychology of the Masses and Analysis of the Human self. In: Psychoanalytic Studies. Minsk: Potpourri. (In Russ.)

Freud Z. (1997) The Future of One Illusion. In: Z. Freud. Psychoanalytic studies. Minsk: Potpourri. (In Russ.)

Fromm E. (1995) Sane Society. In: Psychoanalysis and culture. Selected Works of Karen Horney and Erich Fromm. Moscow: Jurist. (In Russ.)

Fromm E. (1997) Man for Himself. Minsk: Publisher V.P. Ilyin. (In Russ.)

Giddens A. (2004) The Run Away World: How Globalization is Changing our Lives. Moscow: Ves‘ Mir (In Russ.)

Giddens A. (2009) The Politics of Climate Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Gorshkov M.K. (2020) “There is such a Profession – to Study Society”. Selected articles, interviews, biographical revelations. Moscow: Ves‘ Mir. (In Russ).

Gorshkov M.K., Petukhov V.V. (2016) (Responsible ed.) Russian Society and the Challenges of the Time. Book four. Moscow: Ves‘ Mir. (In Russ.)

Ivanov V.N. (2018) Sociology in the USSR. Notes of the Director of the Institute. Moscow: At the Nikitsky Gates. (In Russ.)

Katerny I.V. (2021) Posthumanism. Man in the Era of New Sociality: Metamorphoses, Narratives, Dilemmas. Moscow: Lenand. (In Russ.)

Kravchenko S.A. (2021) Demand for a “Rigidity Turn” in Sustainable Development: Contours of a Concept. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 12–22. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250015998-0. (In Russ.)

Lapin N.I. (2021) The Complexity of the Formation of the New Russia. Anthroposociocultural Approach. Moscow: Ves’ Mir. (In Russ.)

Malashenko A.V., Nisnevich Yu.A., Ryabov A.V. (2018). Modern Barbarism: Causes and Consequences. Politiya. No. 2 (89): 6–22. DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2018-89-2-6-22. (In Russ.)

Marx K. (2020) Sociology. Collection. Moscow: KANON-press-C, Kuchkovo pole. (In Russ.)

Osipov G.V. (2009) (eds) Global Crisis of Western Civilization and Russia. Moscow: Librokom. (In Russ).

Parsons T. (1964) Evolutionary Universals in Society. American Sociological Review. Vol. 29. No. 37: 339–357.

Perrow Ch. (2011) The Next Catastrophe: Reducing our Vulnerabilities to Natural, Industrial, and Terrorist Disasters. Princeton University Press.

Popper K.R. (2020) The Open Society and Its Enemies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Radaev V.V. (2013) Russian Sociology in Search of its Identity. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 7: 4–17. (In Russ.)

Ritzer G. (2000) The Mcdonaldization of Society. Pine Forge Press.

Robertson J.O. (1980) American Myth. American Reality. N.Y.

Robertson R. (2014) (eds) European Glocalization in Global Context. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Roudometof V. (2016) Clocalization. A Critical Introduction. London, New York: Routledge.

Sharkov F.I., Ponedelkov A.V., Vorontsov S.A. (2017) Challenges for today’s Russian political elite, and ways to address them. Vestnik RUDN. Sociologiya [RUDN Journal of Sociology]. 2017. No. 4: 524–541. (In Russ.)

Šhubrt I. (2021) Reflections on modern Russian sociology and its prospects. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 5–15. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250011069-8. (In Russ.)

Sociology in Russia (1998). Ed. V.A. Yadov. Moscow: IS RAN. (In Russ.)

Sorokin P.A. (1992) Human. Civilization. Society. Moscow: Politizdat. (In Russ.)

Sorokin P.A. (1997) The Main Trends of our Time. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

Sztompka P. (1991) Society in Action: A Theory of Social Becoming. Cambridge.

Tiryakian E.A. (2014) Civilization in the Global Era: One, Many… or None? In: Arjoman S. (ed.) Social Theory and Regional Studies in the Global Age. New York, Pangaea II: Global Local Studies, State University of New York Press.

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2015) (ed.) Sociologists of Russia. History of Sociology in Faces: Bio-bibliographic Reference Book; Institute of Sociology RAS, Russian State University for Humanities. 2nd ed., revised. and additional. Moscow: UNITY-DANA. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2019) Society of Trauma: Between Evolution and Revolution (the experience of theoretical and empirical analysis). Moscow: Ves‘ Mir. (In Russ.)

Urry J. (2011) Climate Change and Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Wallerstein I. (2020) World-system Analysis. Introduction. URSS.

Weber M. (1990) The meaning of “Freedom from evaluation” in sociological and economic science. In: Selected works. Moscow: Progress. (In Russ.)

Winant H. (2001) The World is a Ghetto: Race and Democracy Since World War II. New York: Basic Books.

Yadov V.A. (2001) And yet you can Understand Russia with Your Mind. Russia: a Transforming Society. Moscow: Kanon-Press-C. (In Russ.)

Yadov V.A. (2008) Why is National Russian Sociology Needed Today? Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 4: 16–21.

Zarubina N.N., Kravchenko S.A. (2022) “New Barbarism” in Civilization Perspective: Impact on Human Capital. POLIS. Politicheskie issledovaniya [POLIS. Political Research]. No. 1: 31–44. DOI: 10.17976/ jpps/2022.01.04

Content No 2, 2023