Centenary of M.M. Kovalevsky Russian Sociological Society
The article – based on published and archival sources – reviews history of M.M. Kovalevsky Russian Sociological Society (1916–1923) founded soon after Kovalevsky’s death by his disciples from different disciplines. Russian Sociological Society has contributed to integration of social knowledge. At the same time 1917 Revolution, the death of some members of society, especially its first chairman A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky greatly impeded its work resulting in temporary interruptions. Russian sociological society launched its meetings late in 1916. It was planned that meetings would be held once a month. Programs of the first meetings of Society are preserved. However, by the summer of 1917 Russian Sociological Society ceased to meet due to the fact that the chairman of the Russian Sociological Society Academy member A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky attempted to organize within the framework of the Academy of Sciences Institute of Social Sciences. However, his attempt failed. Russian Sociological Society meetings resumed late in 1918, but in February 1919 Lappo-Danilevsky died. New chairman, historian N.I. Kareev took over responsibilities, but probably had little interest in the Society. In summer 1919 he left Petrograd and returned in the autumn of 1920. Soon most active members of Russian Sociological Society moved to new Sociological Institute, which, however, was closed in 1921. At this moment Russian Sociological Society was again reactivated but in 1922 Soviet government demanded that the scientific community requires new registration. Because of the N.I. Kareev’s inactivity Russian Sociological Society has been closed. An attempt to revive it in 1923 failed. As a result, activities of the Society were not as productive as expected. Nevertheless, the Society was an important step towards institutionalization of sociology in Russia.