Secret Languages as Constructions in Social Reality

Secret Languages as Constructions in Social Reality

Schulz V.L.

Dr, Sci. (Philos.), Correspondent Member, Russian Academy of Sciences, Depatment Head, M. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Liubimova Т.М.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Moscow, Russia

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For citation:

Schulz V.L., Liubimova Т.М. Secret Languages as Constructions in Social Reality. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2016. No 6. P. 3-13


The article describes a traditional model of systematizing secret languages in thier social and historical dynamics (corporate languages, secret women’s languages, unintelligible spelling, jargon of marginal social groups).This model is firmly established in sociological linguistics and supplemented by new structural components – “Aesopic Language” as a type of secret communication between an addresser and addressee wherein meanings remain concealed for a censor; secret writing in poetry and experimental prose; linguistic manipulation of mind as a secret language message of a manipulator – in such message the true meaning is unclear for an addressee and the meanings-substitutes enforce to perform a certain program in the prejudice of himself. The article analyzes trends of increment or weakening of language processes typical for one or another secret language; as well as there are formed the model of logosphere depending on rising (incrementing in intensity) or descending (weaking) line of social and historical evolution of secret languages.

secret languages; unintelligible spelling; cryptography; jargon; Aesopic language; manipulation of mind; logosphere; secret writing; metaphoric expression
Content No 6, 2016