Representatives of the Caucasian peoples in socio-professional status communities of the South of Russia: trends of Post-Soviet period

Representatives of the Caucasian peoples in socio-professional status communities of the South of Russia: trends of Post-Soviet period

Sushchiy S.Ya.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Chief researcher, Federal Research Center the Southern Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Sushchiy S.Ya. Representatives of the Caucasian peoples in socio-professional status communities of the South of Russia: trends of Post-Soviet period. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 5. P. 3-16


The article analyzes socio-professional orientations of Caucasian population of the several regions of Southern Russia and the level of their presence in professional communities (medicine, science, higher education, law enforcement and the judiciary, executive and legislative power). Considering the insular nature of the information about national identity, we developed a method of analysis of these employees’ professional communities through a comprehensive assessment of their nominal parameters (name, patronymic, surname). With the help of this method over 27 thousand representatives of various regions of the status communities in southern Russia were analyzed. The research revealed that the stereotype of the modern Russian social consciousness, according to which “Caucasians” are oriented mainly on trade, brokering activities and various forms of shadow business, is largely incorrect. At the same time the degree of the Caucasian presence in various professional communities varies widely. Health care has a high attractiveness for them. Proportion of Armenians (as well as representatives of other peoples of the Caucasus) among the staff of medical institutions of the South Russian regions was several times higher than their proportion in the structure of the entire local population. In the area of judicial and law enforcement practice representatives of the Caucasian community are interested in advocacy, a significant amount of them is currently working in the police. Their minimal presence is detected among prosecutors and staff personnel of courts. A number of representatives of the Caucasus is growing in the field of science and higher education in the regions of South Russia. However, in those professional communities their presence (with the exception of the Armenians) is still inferior to Russian and other ethnic groups of “old-timers”. The presence of “Caucasians” is increasing among the deputies different levels, as well as among the staff of all structures of executive power. But this process is slow and still remains a rarity among senior management representatives from the Caucasus. However, considering that the main group of employees representing ethnic Caucasus is located on the lower and middle floors of their administrative structures, in a short time (10–15 years) increase of their presence on the higher floors of the regional authorities should be expected. The analysis permitted us to make a conclusion that trading and business orientation of the Caucasian diasporas of the South of Russia is gradually complemented by a focus on the status. Besides, this is a stable trend, the results of which will become apparent in the foreseeable future.

Caucasian diasporas; regions of the South of Russia; socio-professional orientation; status professional communities


Aroutuinian Yu.V. (2005) Interethnic integrative potential of in Moscow metropolis. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 26–40. (In Russ.)

Arutyunov S. (2000) Diaspora is a process. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie [Ethnographic Review]. No. 2: 74–78. (In Russ.)

Arutjunjan Yu.V. (1985) National peculiarities of social development. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 3: 28–34. (In Russ.)

Drobizheva L. (2003) Sotsial’nye problemy mezhnatsional’nykh otnosheniy v postsovetskoy Rossii. [Social Problems of Ethnic Relations in Post-Soviet Russia]. Moscow: Tsentr obshchechelovecheskih cennostey. (In Russ.)

Karanov D. (2013) Migranty i prinimayushchee obshchestvo: kul’turnyj aspekt mezhetnicheskikh otnosheniy v gorodskoy srede [Migrants and Host Societies: Cultural Aspect of Interethnic Relations in the Urban Environment]. Politia [Politeia]. No. 1(68): 24–35. (In Russ.)

Kolosov V. et al. (2002) Territorial’naya identichnost’ i mezhetnicheskie otnosheniya (na primere vostochnykh rayonov Stavropol’skogo kraya) [Territorial Identity and Interethnic Relations (the Case of the Eastern Regions of the Stavropol Territory)]. Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniya [Polis. Political Studies]. No. 2: 61–77. (In Russ.)

Mukomel’ V. (2011) Integratsiya migrantov: vyzovy, politika, sotsial’nye praktiki [Integration of Migrants: Challenges, Policies, Social Practices]. Mir Rosii [Universe of Russia]. No. 1: 34–51. (In Russ.)

Ostapenko L., Susokolov A. (1985) Mezhregional’nye peremeshcheniya i natsional’nyy sostav trudovykh resursov [Inter-regional Movement and National Composition of the Labor Forces]. In: Sto natsiy i narodnostey: Etnodemograficheskoe razvitie SSSR. [One Hundred Nations and Nationalities: Ethnodemographic Development of the USSR]. Moscow: Mysl’: 47–58. (In Russ.)

Shkaratan O. (1982) Natsional’nye aspekty ispol’zovaniya trudovykh resursov [National Aspects of Utilization of Labor Resources]. In: Razvitie natsional’nykh otnosheniy v SSSR v svete resheniy XXVI s’ezda KPSS. [Development of National Relations in the USSR in the Light of the Decisions of the XXVI Communist Party Congress]. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

Vasil’ev Y. (2006) Etnopoliticheskie konflikty na Yuge Rossii: vozniknovenie i sistemoobrazuyushchie mekhanizmy razresheniya. [Ethno-political Conflicts in the South of Russia: the Origins and Strategical Mechanisms of Resolution]. Dis. Doctor degree Political Science. Rostov-on-Don. (In Russ.)

ayonchkovskaya Zh. (2004) Migratsiya vyshla iz teni [Migration Has Come out of the Shadows]. Otechestvennye Zapiski [Domestic Notes]. No. 4. URL: (accessed 26.08.2016). (In Russ.)

Zhukovskaya Y. (2009) K voprosu o sotsial’noy adaptatsii trudovykh migrantov v rossiyskoy srede [On the Question of Social Adaptation of Labor Migrants in Russian Milieu]. Sotsiologiya i sotsial’naya antropologiya [Sociology and Social Anthropology]. No. 1: 179–186. (In Russ.)

Content No 5, 2017