Transformation of population resettlement in the Urals and the Volga region after the reform of local self-government
Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Professor, Acting Director, Institute of Social and Economic Research of the Ufa Science Center Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Department for the Study of Regional Socio-Economic Systems, Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russia email@example.com
Senior Researcher, Institute of Social and Economic Research of the Ufa Science Center Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of the article is to assess intraregional agglomeration migration processes in the Urals and the Volga region and to identify new areas of settlement. The authors developed a methodology for assessing intraregional agglomeration flows and compared the coefficient of migration attractiveness of municipalities with the distance to the capital, relying on the hypothesis that there is a stable dependence of the outflow of population from the territories with their remoteness from the capital of the subject of the Russian Federation. The authors collected, analyzed and grouped the data for analysis. As initial information for revealing and substantiating the main trends, we used official Rosstat data for 2009–2015 and conducted an analysis of intraregional agglomeration flows of population in the Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk regions, the republics of Bashkortostan and Tatarstan, the Perm region. As a result, we outlined following common features of intraregional migration processes in the regions in the post-reform period of local self-government development: on the average migration outflows increase with distance from the capital of the region, migration attractiveness decreases for all types of municipalities; the total positive migration increase is observed only in urban districts and municipal districts located not more than 60 kilometers from the center of the region; the maximum migration growth is observed in the suburbs of capitals, which characterizes the strengthening of the processes of suburbanization in the regions; at a distance of 120–140 and 200–220 km, inflow points of population arise, as a rule, in large urban districts and their periphery, which characterize the emergence of points of self-organization of the population in remote areas of the capital.
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