Guanxi as social exchange: Emotions, power and corruption

Guanxi as social exchange:
Emotions, power and corruption

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Barbalet J. Guanxi as social exchange: Emotions, power and corruption. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 12. P. 30-41



Barbalet J. (2014) The structure of guanxi: Resolving problems of network assurance. Theory and Society. 43(1): 51–69.

Barbalet J. (2015) Guanxi, tie strength and network attributes. American Behavioral Scientist. 59 (8): 1038–1050.

Blau P.M. (1964) Exchange and Power in Social Life. New York: Wiley.

Chang K-C. (2011) A path to understanding guanxi in China’s transitional economy. Sociological Theory. 29(4): 315–339.

Chang X. (2009) Guanxi or Lishang Wanglai? Reciprocity, Social Support Networks and Social Creativity in a Chinese Village. Taipei: Airiti Press.

Chen C.C, Chen X-P., Huang S. (2013) Chinese guanxi: An integrative review and directions for future research. Management and Organization R. 9(1): 167–207.

Chen X.-P., Chen C. (2004) On the intricacies of the Chinese guanxi. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. 21(3): 305–324.

Coase R.H. (1988) Blackmail. Virginia Law Review. 74(4): 655–676.

Cook K., Emerson R. (1978) Power, equity and commitment in exchange networks. American Sociological Review. 43(5): 721–739.

Cook K., Whitmeyer J. (1992) Two approaches to social structure: Exchange theory and network analysis. Annual Review of Sociology. 18: 109–127.

Eisenstadt S., Roniger L. (1984) Patrons, Clients and Friends. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Ekeh P. (1974) Social Exchange Theory: The Two Traditions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.

Emerson R. (1962) Power-dependence relations. American Sociological Review. 27(1): 31–41.

Emerson R. (1972a) Exchange theory, part I: A psychological basis for social exchange. In: Berger J, Zelditch M., Anderson B (eds) Sociological Theories in Progress, Vol. 2. Boston, MA: 38–57.

Emerson R. (1972b) Exchange theory, part II: Exchange relations and network structures. In: Berger J., Zelditch M., Anderson B (eds) Sociological Theories in Progress, Vol. 2. Boston, MA: 58–87.

Fan Y. (2002) Questioning guanxi: Definition, classification and implications. International Business Review. 11(5): 543–561.

Fried M. (1974) Fabric of Chinese Society. New York: Octagon Books.

Gold T. (1985) After comradeship: Personal relations in China since the cultural revolution. The China Quarterly. 104: 657–675.

Gouldner A. (1960) The norm of reciprocity. Am. Sociological Rev. 25(2): 161–178.

Hirschman A. (1977) The Passions and the Interests. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

Hochschild A. (1983) The Managed Heart. Berkeley, CA: Univ. of California Press.

Homans G. (1958) Social behavior as exchange. American Journal of Sociology. 63(6): 597–606.

Huang X. (2008) Guanxi networks and job searches in China’s emerging labour market. Work, Employment and Society. 22(3): 467–484.

Hwang K.-K. (1987) Face and favor: The Chinese power game. American Journal of Sociology. 92(4): 944–974.

Jacobs J. (1979) A preliminary model of particularistic ties in Chinese political alliances: Kanch’ing and kuan-hsi in a rural Taiwanese township. China Quarterly 78: 237–273.

King AY.-C. (1991) Kuan-hsi and network building: A sociological interpretation. Daedalus. 120(2): 63–84.

Kipnis A. (1997) Producing Guanxi: Sentiment, Self and Subculture in a North China Village. Durham, NC.

Lawler E. (2001) An affect theory of social exchange. American Journal of Sociology. 107(2): 321–352.

Lawler E., Thye S., Yoon J. (2009) Social Commitments in a Depersonalized World. New York: Russell Sage.

Lee D., Dawes P. (2005) Guanxi, trust, and long-term orientation in Chinese business markets. Journal of International Marketing. 13(2): 26–56.

Liu L., Mei S. (2015) How an indigenous concept entered the international academic circle: The case of guanxi. Scientometrics. 105(1): 645–663.

Luo J.-D., Yeh Y.-C. (2012) Neither collectivism nor individualism: Trust in Chinese guanxi. Journal of Trust Research. 2(1): 53–70.

Luo Y. (2007) Guanxi and Business. Singapore: World Scientific.

Luo Y. (2008) The changing Chinese culture and business behavior: The perspective of intertwinement between guanxi and corruption. International Business Review 17(2): 188–193.

Mauss M. (2002) The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies. London: Routledge.

Osburg J. (2013) Anxious Wealth: Money and Morality among China’s New Rich. Stanford, CA.

Qi JC. (1985) Communism and clientelism: Rural politics in China. World Politics 37(2): 238–266.

Qi X. (2012) A case study of globalized knowledge flow: Guanxi in social science and management theory. International Sociology 27(6): 707–723.

Qi X. (2013) Guanxi, social capital theory and beyond. British Journal of Sociology. 64(2): 308–324.

Simmel G. (1971) How is society possible? In: Levine DN (ed.) Georg Simmel: On Individuality and Social Forms. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press: 6–22.

Simmel G. (1978) The Philosophy of Money. London: Routledge.

Simmel G. (2008) Sociology of competition. Canadian Journal of Sociology. 33(4): 957–978.

Smart A. (1993) Gifts, bribes, and guanxi: A reconsideration of Bourdieu’s social capital. Cultural Anthropology. 8(3): 388–408.

Smart A., Hsu C. (2007) Corruption or social capital? Tact and the performance of guanxi in market socialist China, in Nuijten M., Anders G. (eds) Corruption and the Secret of Law. London: Ashgate:167–189.

Smith A. (1979) The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Smith-Crowe K., Warren D. (2014) The emotion-evoked collective corruption model: The role of emotion in the spread of corruption within organizations. Organization Science. 25(4): 1154–1171.

Steidlmeier P. (1999) Gift giving, bribery and corruption: Ethical management of business relationships in China. Journal of Business Ethics. 20(2): 121–132.

Sun X, Zhu J., Wu Y. (2014) Organizational clientelism: An analysis of private entrepreneurs in Chinese local legislatures. Journal of East Asian Studies. 14(1): 1–29.

Tong C., Yong P. (1998) Guanxi bases, xinyong, and Chinese business networks. British Journal of Sociology. 49(1): 75–96.

Wang P. (2014) Extra-legal protection in China: How guanxi distorts China’s legal system and facilitates the rise of unlawful protectors. British Journal of Criminology. 54(5): 809–830.

Wank D. (1996) The institutional process of market clientelism: Guanxi and private business in a south China city. The China Quarterly. 147: 820–838.

Wank D. (2002) Business-state clientelism in China: Decline or evolution? In: Gold T, Guthrie D., Wank D. (eds) Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture and the Changing Nature of Guanxi. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press: 97–115.

Wilson R., Eckel C. (2011) Trust and social exchange. In: Druckman J., Green D., Kuklinski J., et al. (eds) Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press: 243–257.

Wilson S. (2002) Face, norms and instrumentality. In: Gold T, Guthrie D and Wank D (eds) Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture and the Changing Nature of Guanxi. Cambridge: 163–178.

Yan Y. (1996) The Flow of Gifts: Reciprocity and Social Networks in a Chinese Village. Stanford.

Yang M.-H. (1994) Gifts, Favors and Banquets: The Art of Social Relationship in China. Ithaca.

Content No 12, 2017