What is a modern Russian village?
Corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific Director of the Sociological Faculty of Russian State Humanitarian University, Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
Based on the data of state statistics and sociological information, a picture of the modern Russian village is given, represented not only by agricultural production and its accompanying institutions, its servicing, but also by industrial, construction and communication organizations, and also by the gradually increasing number of recreational, excursion, ecological settlements. There is also a trend of new forms of residence: a simultaneous life in the city and in the countryside (summer residents, freelancers, creative professions). The analysis of organizational forms of managing is carried out: a) joint-stock companies (former collective and state farms); b) farmers; c) personal farms (household plots of land), as well as the emergence and rapid growth of agroholdings, the development of which complicated the functioning of agricultural production, including the solution of employment problems, led to increased unemployment, gave birth to new forms of waste (neootchodnichestvo). The article describes the effectiveness and efficiency of agricultural production, its material and technical base, expressed in terms of productivity of field crop cultivation, productivity of livestock and other branches. Particular attention is paid to the state and development trends of the social sphere of rural settlements, which made it possible to reveal the magnitude of its stagnation and deformation in spheres of education, culture and health. In conclusion, an assessment of the agrarian policy, its consequences and possible ways of its improvement and rationalization was made.
Anisimov R.I. (2016) Socio-economic Transformation of the Meaning of the Life World of Russian Peasants. In: Toshchenko Zh.T. (ed.) Meaning of Rural Life (Experience of Sociological Analysis). Moscow: 33–58. (In Russ.)
Barsukova S. Yu. (2016) The Dilemma «Farmers – Agroholdings» in the Context of Import Substitution. Social Sciences and Modernity. No. 6: 63–74 (In Russ.)
Belova N.I. (2016) Rural Health Care: the State, Trends and Problems. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 3: 97–105. (In Russ.).
Belova N.I. (2016) Healthcare in rural areas: status, trends, and issues. In: Toshchenko Zh.T. (ed.) Meaning of Rural Life (Experience of Sociological Analysis). Moscow: 189–204. (In Russ.)
Bondarenko L.V. (2016) Development of Rural Areas of Russia: Assessments, Opinions, Expectations. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 3: 76–82. (In Russ.).
Bulanova M.B. (2016) Rural school: are there prospects? In: Toshchenko Zh.T. (ed.) Meaning of Rural Life (Experience of Sociological Analysis) (2016). Moscow: 205–230. (In Russ.)
Buzdalov I. (2011). The humiliated class: On the social status and economic situation of the Russian peasantry. Issues of Economics. No. 4: 137–148. (In Russ.)
Buzdalov I. (2016) Review of the Book: Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N.I. Agrarian Reform in Post-Soviet Russia: Mechanisms and Results. Issues of Economics. No. 4: 156–158. (In Russ.).
Evdokimova T.G. (2016). Material welfare as the meaning of rural life. In: Toshchenko Zh.T. (ed.) Meaning of Rural Life (Experience of sociological analysis). Moscow: 59–84.
Nikulin A. (2010) Oligarch as Successor of Post-Kolkhoz. Economic Sociology. T. 11. No. 1: 17–34. (In Russ.)
Plyusnin Y.M., Zausaeva Ya.D., Zhidkevich N.N., Pozanenko A.A. (2013). Season workers. Moscow.
Pokrovsky N.E., Nefedova T.G. (2013). «Cellular Globalization» and New Trends in Rural Communities of the Near North of Russia. New Ideas of Sociology. Moscow: 314–339. (in Russ.)
Russian Statistical Yearbook. 2015: Stat. Sb. (2015) Moscow: Rosstat. (In Russ.)
Russia in Figures. 2016: A Brief. Stat. Sb. (2016). Moscow: Rosstat. (In Russ.)
Staroverov V.I. (2008). History and Theory of Sociological Analysis of the Russian Agrosphere. Moscow. (In Russ.)
The National Economy of the RSFSR in 1990: Stat. Yearbook (1991). Moscow: Goskomstat of the RSFSR. (In Russ.)
Toshchenko Zh.T. (2016). Sociology of Life. Moscow. (In Russ.)
Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N.I. (2015). Agrarian Reform in Post-Soviet Russia: Mechanisms and Results. Moscow. (In Russ.)
Fadeeva O. (2015) Rural Communities and Economic Ways: from Survival to Development. Novosibirsk. (In Russ.)
Velikiy P.P. (2010) Non-waste or Unnecessary People in a Modern Village? Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 9: 44–49. (In Russ.).