Sociolinguistic studies in the worker-and-peasant Red Army in the 1920s

Sociolinguistic studies in the worker-and-peasant Red Army in the 1920s

Obraztsov I.V.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., the Department of Sociology, Head of Sociological Laboratory, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

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Obraztsov I.V. Sociolinguistic studies in the worker-and-peasant Red Army in the 1920s. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2017. No 12. P. 144-155


The article is devoted to the sociolinguistic study “The language of a Red Army soldier. A study of the vocabulary of a Red Army soldier in Moscow”, carried out by Soviet psychotechnologists under the guidance of Isaac Spielrein in 1924–1925. With multiple sources analyzed including the materials of the Russian State Military Archive, the article describes the conditions of organizing and conducting the study and publishing its results alongside the subsequent repression against the authors. It illustrates the conditions and causes of the initial rapid development of theoretical debate and research practice in the 1920s and their full curtailment in the early 1930s. The article reveals in a condensed manner the covert reasons for publication, provides additional information about the organizational and methodological aspects of the project, as well as about the causes of its years-long disappearance and its significance for modern research practice. The paper aims to revive the topicality of the problem of objective analyzing the evolution of sociological science in the Soviet Union in 1920–1930s.

empirical studies; the Red Army; a red army soldier; a political enlightenment; psychotechnics; the Worker-Peasant Red Army; vocabulary; sociolinguistic; the USSR; language; the 1920s


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Content No 12, 2017