Education in Russia:
public good or commercial service?
Сand. Sci. (Econ.), Leading Researcher, Institute of Economics (Centre of Economic Theory of the Social Sector), Russian Academy of Sciences; Faculty of Philosophy (Center of Modern Marxist research), Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
Yakovleva N.G. Education in Russia: public good or commercial service?. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 3. P. 149-153
Author discussed problems of the interrelation between social and private sector of creatosphere and argues that in the society, based on the priority development of creative potential of human being, education plays a role of the key factor of human, social and economic progress and cannot be reduced to the production of the service in the frameworks of market economy. Adequate form for such a progress is education for everybody through all life. But in modern Russian circumstances education is transformed into the sphere of market service, where commercialization, bureaucratization and managerization became dominant tendencies of the evolution in this sphere. These processes change social roles of education. The education sphere has to decrease social inequality. Also it has to raise social status. And education growth of solidarity of society (as uniform system). However education turns into an area which increases social inequality. Also we observe stratification among teachers. It is reflected not only in a big gap in the teachers income. Among es teachers division into «owners» of educational process and all other teachers is formed. In this situation teacher becomes a hired worker for short tern. Initially education was open process of creation of public benefits for each person. Now in Russia we observe serious deformation of the nature of education.
Bondarenko N.V., Gohberg L.M., Zabaturina I.U. et al. (2017) Indicators of education 2017: statistical collection. Moscow: NRU HSE. (In Russ.)
Buzgalin A.V. (2017). Creative economy: private intellectual property or ownership by everybody of everything? Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No 7: 43–53. (In Russ.)
Buzgalin A.V. (2017). Creative economy: why and how private intellectual property can be limited. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No 8: 20–30. (In Russ.)
Gohberg L.M., Zabaturina I.U., Kovaleva G.G. et al. (2017) Education in figures: 2016: short statistical book. Moscow: NRU HSE. (In Russ.)
Smolin O.N. (2012) Education is the Foundation of culture. Svobodnaya mysl [Free thought]. No. 1/2: 7–23. (In Russ.)
Yakovleva N.G. (2016) Education as a driver of socioeconomic development. Ekonomicheskoe vozrogdenie Rossii [Economic revival of Russia]. No. 4: 105–118. (In Russ.
Yakovleva N.G. (2017) Commercialization, bureaucratization, managerialization education of postSoviet Russia: politicaleconomic view Problemy teorii I praktiki upravleniya. [Problems of theory and practice of management]. No. 3: 121–130. (In Russ.)
Zernov V.A., ed. (2009) Private higher school of Russia: establishment, status, prospects of development. Moscow: Universitetskaya kniga. (In Russ.)