Marxism in the global and Russian contexts

Marxism in the global and Russian contexts

Chernysh M.F.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, First Deputy Director for Research and Education at the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Chernysh M.F. Marxism in the global and Russian contexts . Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 5. P. 15-25


Modern Marxism is now going through a process of revival in social science. Marxist ideas have proved to be more resilient that was ever deemed by adepts of liberal reforms. The reasons why they survived in the last twenty years lies in the fact that capitalism, the main object of Marxist analysis does not only keep going, but also declines in many ways. In the modern world inequality is growing. The problems that seemed to have been done in the 20th century are back in force. Modern technologies and higher level of productive forces led to the rise of new problems and new contradictions that require a return to an adequate description by social theory. This is proved by the fact that Marxist schemata are often used to argue in favor of reforms that are essentially liberal. In particular, the Russian reforms relied on the idea of primary accumulation transformed into a popular myth. Marxist structural analysis can only become effective if it is applied to a concrete society and its political and economic order. The younger generation of sociologists learn Marxism for one more reason. Unlike many other sociological theories it kept improving its visions of society in line with the changes that occurred in them.

social theory; Marxism; classes; primary accumulation; globalization


Alexander J., Smith P. (2006) The Strong Program in Cultural Theory. Elements of the Structural Hermeneutics. In: Handbook of Sociological Theory. Ed. by J. Turner. New York: Springer: 135–151.

Dahrendorf R. (1959) Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Daimonds J. (2009) Guns, Steel and Germs. Moscow: AST. (In Russ.)

Discussion on the Asian Way of Production: based on the report by M.S. Godes. (2009) Moscow: Publishing house “Librokom”. (In Russ.)

Eagleton T. (2011) Why Marx was right. London: Yale University books.

Ferguson N. (2011) Civilization: the West and the Rest. London: Penguin Books.

Fukuyama F. (2004) The End of History or the Last Man. Moscow: AST (In Russ.)

Giddens A. (1971) Capitalism and Modern Social Theory. An analysis of the wirtings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harvey D. (2003) The New Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kordonsky S.G., Dekhant D.K., Molarenko O.A. (2012) Estate-based components of the social structure of Russia: hypetheses, deductive analysis and an attempt at modelling. Mir Rossii. [Universe of Russia]. No. 2: 62–102. (In Russ.)

Lipset S. (1991) No Third Way: A Comparative Perspective of the Left. In: The Crisis of Leninism and the Decline of the Left. The Revolutions of 1989. Ed. by D. Chirot. Seattle. Unversity of Washington: 183–233.

Marx K. (1956) Class struggle in France from 1948 to 1950. In: Marx K. and Engels F. Collection of works. 2-nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat: 5–110. (In Russ.)

Marx K. (1960) Kapital. In: Marx K., Engels F. Collection of works. 2-nd ed. Moscow: Politizdat. (In Russ.)

Negri A., Hardt M.(2000) Empire. Boston: Harvard University Press.

Piketty T. (2014) Capital in the XXI Century. Boston: Harvard University Press.

Plekhanov G.V. New government, bourgeoisie and revolutionary democracy/ God na rodine (A year in the home country). In: Plekhanov G.V. Full Collection of Articles and Speeches in Two Volumes. Vol. 2. Paris. Povolozki Editeurs. 1921: 53–56. (In Russ.)

Shiller R. (2012) Finance and the Good Society. Princeton University Press.

Shlapentokh V., Woods J. (2007) Contemporary Russia as a Feudal Society. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Skocpol T. (1994) Social Revolutions in the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Taleb N. (2011) The Black Swan: the Impact of the Highly Improbable. New York: Allen Lane.

Wallerstein I. (2002) The Capitalist World Economy. Essays by I. Wallerstein. Cambridge University Press.

Weatherford J. (2004) Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World. New York: Broadway Books.

Wittfogel K. (1960) Class Structure and Total Power in Oriental Despotism. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Content No 5, 2018