Sociology as a method of self-cognition of the society
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Research Director of the Institute of Sociology and Regional Studies of the Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia email@example.com
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Institute of Sociology and Regional Studies of Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
The article reveals the peculiarity of sociology after postmodernism as a way of self- cognition of the society, which is characterized by the variety of paradigmatic bases of scientific and research practices. The conceptual interpretation of these practices makes it possible to distinguish the classical, nonclassical and neoclassical models of sociological research. The basis for classical model of sociological research related to the traditions of positivism, scientism and classical rationality is the objectivist, realistic, socio-centrist, explaining and nomothetic style of sociological thinking. The nonclassical model of sociological research, connected with the traditions of antipositivism, antiscience and nonclassical rationality, is based on the axiological, nominalistic, anthropocentric, understanding and idiographic style of sociological thinking. The neoclassical model of sociological research began to take shape in the mainstream of critical trend in sociology as a "response" to the epistemological "challenges" of postmodernism. It is based on critical, constructive-realistic, holistic and synthetic style of sociological thinking that has been developed within the framework of neoclassical rationality.
Caille A. (2007) Sociology as anti-utilitarianism. European journal of social theory. London: Brighton. Vol. 10. No. 2: 277-286.
Gorshkov M.K. (2016) Russian Society as it is: a Sociological Diagnostics. In 2 vol. Vol. 1. Moscow: Noviy Khronograf. (In Russ.)
Gouldner O. (2003) The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. (In Russ.)
Ivanova A.S. (2010) Classic, non-classic and post-non-classic models of the social cognition. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Sen: Filosofskie nauki [Bulletin of the Moscow state regional university. Ser.: Philosophical sciences]. No. 3: 22-29. (In Russ.)
Kollinz R. (2009) Four Sociological Traditions. Moscow: Territoriya budushhego. (In Russ.)
Kravchenko S.A. (2012) 10th ESA conference: a summary. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 3: 6-13. (In Russ.)
Kravchenko S.A. (2008) Development of sociological theory in early third millennium: a review of international congresses and conferences. In: Humanitarian Yearbook. Rel. 7. Rostov-on-Don: 110-116. (In Russ.)
Kravchenko S.A. (2011) Sociology on the move to interaction of theoretical and methodological approaches. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 11-18. (In Russ.)
Lubskij A.V. (2017) Methodology of Soocial Stidies. Moscow: INFRA-M. (In Russ.)
Mal'kovskaja I.A. (2003) Russian studies between symbol and simulacre. Rossiya i sovremenniy mir [Russia and modern world]. No. 1: 76-87. (In Russ.)
Merton R. (1975) Structural analysis in sociology. Approaches to the Study of Social Structure. New York: The Free Press: 21-52.
Pokrovskij N.E., Nikolaeva U.G. (2014) Paradoxical globalization: forward to the past or backward towards future? In: Sociological Yearbook, 2013-2014: collection of scientific works. Ed. by N.E. Pokrovskiy, ed.- origin. by D.V. Efremenko. Moscow: INION RAN: 9-37 (In Russ.).
Pokrovskij N.E., Simonova O.A. (2016) Sociology as indicator for the state of society: 'old' and 'new' issues in recent research. In: Sociological Yearbook, 2015-2016: collection of scientific works. Ed. by N.E. Pokrov¬skiy, ed.-origin, by D.V. Efremenko. Moscow: INION RAN: 8-15. (In Russ.)
Ritzer G. (2001) Explorations in Social Theory: From Metatheorizing to Rationalization. London: Sage Publications.
Romanovskiy N.V. (2016) Discourse of crisis of(in) contemporary sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 4: 3-12 (In Russ.).
Toshhenko Zh.T. (2016a) Sociology of Life. Monograph. Moscow: UNITI-DANA. (In Russ.)
Toshhenko Zh.T. (2016b) Paradigms as methodological strategies [Humanist of the South of Russia]. No. 1: 20-36 (In Russ.).
Touraine A. (2007) Sociology after sociology. European journal of social theory. London: Brighton. Vol. 10. No. 2: 184-193.
Volkov Ju.G., Lubskij A.V. (2017) Sociology in Russia: in Search for New Ideas and Creativity. Rostov-on-Don: Izdatel'stvo JuFU. (In Russ.)
Western Sociology: Contemporary Paradigms. An Antology. (2015) Origin., authors of bibliographic sketches G.N. Sokolova, L.G. Titarenko. Minsk: Belorusskaya nauka. (In Russ.)
Yadov V.A. (2006) Contemporary Theoretical Sociology as a Conceptual Basis for Studying Russian Transformations. Saint Petersburg: Intersocis. (In Russ.)
Zborovsky G.E. (2008) Meta-paradigmatic model of theoretical sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 4: 3-15. (In Russ.)
Zdravomyslov A.G. (2008) Sociologija: teorija, istorija, praktika (Sociology: theeory, history, practics). Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)