Trust tо Social Science in Russia as a Research Problem
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Prof., Department of Sociology, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof. of the Department of Sociology, MGIMO-University, Moscow, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Associate Prof. of the Sociological Department of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO); National Research University Higher School of Economics, Center for Health Policy, Leading Research Fellow, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
It is widely recognized that trust is a fundamental basis of social relations and a factor of social solidarity. The loss of trust to the science is an alarming worldwide trend. This article analyzes the phenomena of trust to social sciences in Russian society. Structurally the article consists of three parts. The first one refers to different contexts of weakening of trust to science. The authors consider the impact of globalization, status of social scientists and transformations within the very institution of science on trust to social science in Russian society. The second part frames the methodology of sociological studying of trust to social science. The authors describe specific characteristics of different types of trust to social knowledge. For the tasks of empirical survey, the trust to social science is defined as an emotional, cognitive and behavioral reaction of people to the production of social knowledge. As empirical objects, the professors of universities, authorities, business, journalists, and students of the universities are allocated. The first empirical results are presented in the third part. The data of poll of 100 university scientists (November-December, 2016) and 400 students of Moscow and regional Russian universities studying the social disciplines (May-June, 2017) are interpreted. The main results reveal some of the trends referred to weakening the trust to social science in Russia. The authors conclude that for the strengthening of trust to social science it is necessary to raise the authority of researchers, to do PR of scientific results, and to improve their reliability.
Balyshev A., Konnov V. (2016) Global academia and national scholarly cultures. Points of contention. Mezhdunarodnye protsessy [International Trends]. Vol. 14. No. 3: 96-111. (In Russ.)
Gorin N.I., Neshhadin A.A., Tul'chinskij G.L. (2016) The Overripe Need for the Higher School Reform, or Why the Business Should Come into Universities. Filosofskie nauki [Philosophical Sciences]. No. 1: 21-38. (In Russ.)
Kravchenko S.A. (2016) The Issue of Trust in Knowledge about the Future: with ref. to the 3rd Forum of the International Sociological Association (Austria, Vienna, July 10-14, 2016). Sociologicheskaja nauka i social' naja praktika [Sociological Science and Social Practice]. No. 4: 127-141 (In Russ.)
Osipov G.V. (2013) Academy of Sciences - Three Centuries of Service to the Fatherland. Moscow: ISPI RAS. (In Russ.)
Power M., Scheytt T, Soin K., Sahlin K. (2009) Reputational risk as a logic of organizing in late modernity. Organization Studies. Vol. 30. No. 2-3: 301-324.
Scott J., Marshall G. (eds.) (2005) A Dictionary of Sociology. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.
Savel'eva I. (2010). Presence or absence. National Humanities in a Global Context: The Experience of Russia and Poland. M.: Izd. dom Gos. un-ta - Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki: 5-19. (In Russ.)
Sztompka P. (2012) Trust: A Sociological Theory. Moscow: Logos. (In Russ.)
Weingart P. (2013) The Loss of Trust and How to Regain It: Performance Measures and Entrepreneurial Universities. In: Engwall L., Scott P. (eds) Trust in Universities. Wenner-Gren International Series, 86. Portland Press Ltd.: 83-95.
Zarubina N.N. (2017) Respect for the Scientific Community as a Prerequisite to Confidence in Institute of Science in Modern Russia. Sociologicheskaja nauka i social'naja praktika [Sociological Science and Social Practice]. No. 1: 89-107. (In Russ.)