On political regimes in the Soviet state and contemporary Russia: notes of a political scientist

On political regimes in the Soviet state and contemporary Russia: notes of a political scientist

Magaril S.A.

Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Assoc. Prof., Chair of public administration and municipal management at the Russian state humanitarian University, scientific editor of the journal «Sociological studies», Moscow, Russia magaril@yandex.ru

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Magaril S.A. On political regimes in the Soviet state and contemporary Russia: notes of a political scientist. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 8. P. 153-161


The article discusses the semantic content of the concepts of state and political regime. Pro¬posed are criteria of political and socio-economic efficiency of the state. The evolution and characteristic differences of the ruling regimes of Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev are duscussed, which existed in the framework of a unified Soviet state. Processes that characterize Russia in the beginning of XXI century as a "catastrophe society" are described as well as the reasons for reproduction in Russia of the au-thoritarian regime; the consequences of persistent neglect by the ruling class principle of social justice, histor¬ical risks of further movement of society on a track of the previous decades.

the state; political regime; basic features; signs of distinction; effectiveness


Acemoglu A., Robinson D.A. (2015). Why are some Countries Rich and Others Poor. Origin of Power, Prosperity and Poverty. Moscow: AST. (In Russ.)

Aladin V., Kovalev V., Maikov S., Malinetsky G. (2003). Remember the War. Analytical report to the Russian intellectual club. Moscow: In-t Russk. civilizac. (In Russ.)

Andrianov V.l. (2003). Kosygin. Moscow: Molodaya gvardiya. (In Russ.)

Arbatov A.G. (2007). Moscow-Munich: New Contours of Russian Domestic and Foreign Policy. Moscow Carnegie center (Working materials). No. 3: 2-28. (In Russ.)

Arendt H. (1972) Crisis of the Republic: Civil Disobedience: on Violence: Thoughts on Politics and Revolution. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Galkin A.A., Krasin Y. A. (2015). Restructuring of the race in three decades. Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniya [Polis. Political studies]. No. 5: 160-174. (In Russ.)

Gelovani V.A., Britkov V.B., Dubovsky S.V. (2008). Global modeling of processes of development of the USSR/ Russia: 1986 - 2010 (Forecast, which could change the course of history). Problems of mathematical history. Historical reconstruction, forecasting, methodology. Moscow: URSS: 65-79. (In Russ.)

Gilinsky Ya.I. (2011). Suicide as a social phenomenon. Sotsiologichekiy zhurnal [Sociological journal]. No. 2: 39¬48. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov M.K. (2009). Russian society in sociological dimension. Mir Russii [Universe of Russia]. No. 2: 3-19. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov M.K. (2010). Social factors of modernization of the Russian society from positions of sociological science. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 12: 30-41. (In Russ.)

Inozemtsev V. L. (2015). In Russia there is no economic policy. Mir peremen [World of changes]. Special issue: 52-56. (In Russ.)

Inozemtsev V.L. (2010). What happened to Russia. Neprikosnovenniy zapas [Inviolable reserve]. No. 6: 172¬179. (In Russ.)

Levada Y.A. (2001). Elite and the "masses" in the process of transformation. In: Who and Where Aspires to Conduct Russia? Proceedings of the international Symposium 19-20 January. Moscow: MHSSEN: 273 - 285. (In Russ.)

Magaril S. A. (2011). Social quality as a resource for the survival of the state. Mir Rossii [Universe of Russia], No. 3: 41-70. (In Russ.)

Nureev R.M., Latov Yu.V. (2014). Between "real socialism" and "Oriental despotism": the labyrinths of institu-tional economic development in Soviet Russia. Mir Rossii [Universe of Russia], No. 3: 6-40. (In Russ.)

Nureev R.M., Latov Yu.V. (2015). Post-Soviet institutional development: in search of a way out of the rut of power-property. Mir Rossii. [Universe of Russia], No. 2: 50-86. (In Russ.)

Pantin I.K. (2013). On the nature of the October revolution. Polis. Politicheskie issledovaniya [Polis. Political studies]. No. 6:131-144. (In Russ.)

Popov G.H. (2015). 250 years in the service of the Fatherland. Predprinimatelstvo. [Business], No. 6: 15-39. (In Russ.)

Romanovsky N. (2017). In Seventeenth year. A century later. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological stud¬ies], No. 8: 147-157. (In Russ.)

Russian Society and the Challenges of Time. 5Th book. (2017). Ed. by M.K.Gorshkov and V.V. Petukhov. Moscow. Ves' mir. (In Russ.)

Sakaeva M.A. (2016). Businessmen in the legislative assemblies of the regions status as a protection and preference. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 4: 142-146. (In Russ.)

Smirnov S.N. (2016). The context of social transformations in post-Soviet years: economic, institutional and demographic dynamics. Mir Rossii [Universe of Russia], No. 1: 6-34. (In Russ.)

Sorokin P. (2005). The Sociology of Revolution. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh. T. (2017). Injury as a deformation of the evolutionary and revolutionary development of society (the experience of sociological theorizing). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies]. No. 4:16-26. (In Russ.)

Travin D., Gelman V, Zaostrovtsev A. (2017). The Russian way. Ideas. Interests. Institutes. Illusions. Saint Petersburg: European University. (In Russ.)

Wharf B.L. (1960). Attitude about the norms of behavior and thinking to the language. The New in linguistics. Vol. 1. URL: http://sprach-insel.com/index.php?option=com_content&task =view=72 & ltemid=61 (ac¬cessed 3.03.2017). (In Russ.)

What Russians dream about. Ideal and reality. (2012). Analytical report. Ed. by M.K. Gorshkov, Krumm R., N.E. Tikhonova. Moscow: ISRAN. (In Russ.)

Content No 8, 2018