Working Class in Search of New Dimensions of Differentiation

Working Class in Search of New Dimensions of Differentiation

Andreeva Ju.V.

Сand. Sci. (Ps.), Assoc. Prof., Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia.

Lukyanova E.L.

Lecturer of Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia.

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Andreeva Ju.V., Lukyanova E.L. Working Class in Search of New Dimensions of Differentiation. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 10. P. 54-65


The article summarizes actual approaches to the analysis of the working class, differentiated consideration of its structure. It discusses different grounds to identifying new types of workers that follow the current state of economic development. The example of young workers shows the key areas of conceptualization of this group. It is noted the need to expand the field of research issues, go beyond the scope of labour in the practices of daily life and consumption. The article contains the results of a qualitative study of young workers in Ulyanovsk, which reflects their understanding of the own position in society and assesses the importance of education and qualification for them.

social structure; working class; young workers; labour practices; professional identities; everyday culture


Abramov R. (2012) Metalworkers at an Engineering Plant: An essay of professional subcultures. In: Anthropology of Professions: Occupational boundaries in turbulent times. Moscow: OOO «Variant»: 153–174. (In Russ.)

Bessokirnaya G. P. (2016) Labour Ethics and Labour Behaviour of Young Workers. In: Actual Problems of Sociology of Culture, Education, Youth and Management: The materials of the All-Russian scientific-practical conference with international participation (Ekaterinburg, February 24–25 2016.) Ekaterinburg: Ural State University: 113–118. (In Russ.)

Blyakhman L. S., Shkaratan O. I. (1973) NTR, Working Class, Intelligentsia. Moscow: Politizdat. (In Russ.)

Bulanova M. A. (2011) Social Mobility of the Working Young People of the Region: Sociological analysis. Vlast i upravleniye na Vostoke Rossii [Power and Administration in the East Of Russia]. No. 3: 205–212. (In Russ.)

Golenkova Z. T., Goliusova Yu.V. (2013) New Social Groups in Modern Stratification Systems of Global Society. Sotsiologicheskaya nauka i sotsialnaya praktika [Sociological Science and Social Practice]. No. 3: 5–15. (In Russ.)

Golenkova Z. T., Igitkhanyan E. D. (2012) Status Characteristics of Working Class in Russia. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 12: 50–56. (In Russ.)

Ezhova L., Nartova N., Olimpiyeva I. (2008) Gender Inequality in the Labour Sphere. Study of Women Workers Employed in Unhealthy Shipbuilding Industries of St. Petersburg. Saint-Petersburg: «Ladoga». (In Russ.)

Karakhanova T. M.. Bolshakova O. A. (2016) Laborers Time Budget as a Reflectionof Their Actual Behavior in Everyday Life. Vestnik Instituta sotsiologii [The Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology]. No. 3(18): 71–96. (In Russ.)

Klimov I. A. (2013) Agency of Russian Industrial Workers: Case study. In: Labour Relations: The situation and development trends in Russia. Samara: Samarskiy universitet: 145–157. (In Russ.)

Konstantinovskiy D. L., Voznesenskaya E. D., Cherednichenko G. A. (2013) Working Youth: The quantitative and qualitative measures. Moscow: CSR. (In Russ.)

Laykam K. E. (2016) Labour force, employment and unemployment in Russia (based on the results of sample labor force surveys. Moscow: Federalnaya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki. (In Russ.)

Makarova M. N. (2006) The Transformation of the Working Class under Globalization. Zhurnal sociologii i social’noj antropologii [Journal of sociology and social anthropology] No. 2 (9): 59–67. (In Russ.)

Makarova M. N. (2007) Workers’ reproductive strategies as a reflection of their labor and education orientations. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 8: 58–65. (In Russ.)

Mityagina E. V. (2013) Employed Resource potential of the Workers of an Electric Power Industry Enterprise. Sovremennyie issledovaniya sotsialnyih problem [Society of Russia: educational space, psychological structures and social values]. No. 9 (29). URL: http:// (accessed 25.10.17). (In Russ.)

Omelchenko E., Sabirova G., Krupets Ya. (2015) Social Mobility of Youth in the Focus of Triple Reflection. INTERaktsiya. INTERvyu. INTERpretatsiya [Inter. The scientific journal “INTERaction”, “INTERview”, “INTERpretation”]. No. 10: 9–24. (In Russ.)

Roschin A. (2013) Labour in the Russian Province: No rights, no respect, no money. Russkaya planeta [Russian Planet]. URL: (accessed 25.10.17). (In Russ.)

Ryabchuk A. (2007)“Adaptation Discourse” as an Instrument of Marginalizing the Working Class in Post-Communist Societies. Sotsiologiya: teoriya, metodyi, marketing [Sociology: theory, methods, marketing]. No. 1: 105–114. (In Russ.)

Shevchuk A. V. (2007) On Future of the Work and the Future Without Work. Obschestvennyie nauki i sovremennost [Social Sciences and Contemporary World]. No. 3: 44–54. (In Russ.)

Smirnova A. L. (2015) Young Worker of Russia: Creators and consumers of cultural values (in the 1970s-1980s). Vestnik Chuvashskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Chuvash University]. No. 4: 160–166. (In Russ.)

Stivenson S. A. (2009) Rebyata s nashego dvora. Street Teenage and Youth Companies in Moscow. In: Youth subcultures in Moscow. Moscow: Institut etnologii i antropologii Rossiyskoy Akademii nauk: 195–223. (In Russ.)

Shershneva E. L. (2011) The Deficit of Skilled Workers in the Russian Labour Market: Workers Demand for Vocational Training. Zhurnal sociologii i social’noj antropologii [Journal of sociology and social anthropology]. No. 3 (14): 140–160 (In Russ.)

Temnitskiy A. L. (2008) Traditional and Innovative Practices in the Labour Culture of Russian Workers. In: Traditions and Innovations in Contemporary Russia. Sociological Analysis of Interaction and Dynamics. Moscow: Rossiyskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya: 132–195. (In Russ.)

Temnitskiy A. L. (2009) Factors of Employment Appeal in Industrial Plants to the Modern Russian Youth. In: Contemporary Problems in Management: Exploring the Boundaries. Moscow: National Research University Higher School of Economics: 371–385. (In Russ.)

Temnitskiy A. L., Maksimova O. N. (2008) Intensive Work Motivation among Workers of an Industrial Plant. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 11: 13–23. (In Russ.)

Uoker Ch. (2012) Class, Gender and Subjective Welfare on the New Russian Market of Labour: Life experience of youth in Ulyanovsk and Saint-Petersburg. Zhurnal issledovaniy sotsialnoy politiki [The Journal of Social Policy Studies]. No. 4: 521–538. (In Russ.)

Vanke A. V. (2014) The Corporeally of Working-Class Men in Labor Regimes and the Private Sphere. Laboratorium. Zhurnal sotsialnykh issledovaniy [Laboratorium. Social Research Journal]. No. 1: 60–83. (In Russ.)

Yarskaya-Smirnova E. R. Romanov P. V. (2009) Viasual Antropology: Regimes of visibility under socialism. Moscow: Variant. (In Russ.)

Zhvitiashvili A. Sh. (2013) Working Class in a Post-Industrial Society. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 2: 34–41. (In Russ.)

Content No 10, 2018