So How Was It Really? On the History of the Rebirth of Sociology in the USSR

So How Was It Really? On the History of the Rebirth of Sociology in the USSR

Dmitriyev A.V.

Dr. Sci. (Phil.); Corresponding Member, Russian Academy of Sciences; Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Ivanov V.N.

Corresponding Member, Russian Academy of Sciences, Adviser, Institute for Socio-Political Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Toshchenko Zh.T.

Corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific Director of the Sociological Faculty of Russian State Humanitarian University, Chief Researcher, Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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Dmitriyev A.V., Ivanov V.N., Toshchenko Zh.T. So How Was It Really? On the History of the Rebirth of Sociology in the USSR. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2018. No 11. P. 134-144


This article is devoted to the events taking place in the 1950–1960s during the rebirth of sociological science in the USSR (Russia). These events are considered from the point of view of their coverage in publications analyzing the difficult and complex path of the processes taking place in this period. This approach is based not on memories, individual impressions, but on a scrupulous analysis of the documents of those organizations that were involved in the fate of sociology – the CPSU Central Committee, the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Philosophy, the first sociological groups and laboratories. This fundamentally new analysis, carried out by A.S. Kapto, shows the real process of the rebirth of sociology in the USSR (Russia), the difficult, complex and contradictory way of its formation, real participation of various groups of sociologists in the preparation and implementation of actions for the gradual institutionalization of sociology. The author reveals the fictions, questions reality of some processes, shows falsified pages of its development, the refutation of which is complicated by their close interlacing with actual events that have been interpreted in a particular way by certain authors, including G.V. Osipov.

Russian sociology; the history of Russian sociology; the rebirth of Russian sociology; the institutionalization of Russian sociology


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