Precariat and Prospects for Changes in Russian Society Social Structure

Precariat and Prospects for Changes in Russian Society Social Structure

Tikhonova N.Ye.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Professor-researcher of National Research University Higher School of Economics; Chief Researcher, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Tikhonova N.Ye. Precariat and Prospects for Changes in Russian Society Social Structure. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 2. P. 167-173


The article discusses main provisions of the new book by Z.T. Toshchenko “Precariat: from protoclass to new class” and gives it a high assessment. It is noted that, as shown in this book, the processes of precarization, developing rapidly in Russian society, have affected by now a significant portion of the country’s population. The book also provides an estimate of the degree of heterogeneity of the precariat in the Russian context, and also describes its main subgroups. In discussing main provisions of the book, the article introduces some corrections to the possible composition of the precariat and the set of its subgroups. It is also noted that the formation of precariat raises the question of a possible change in the very grounds (criteria) for distinguishing classes in Russian society, and the nature of employment and degree of social security. A scheme of a possible 5-class structure of Russian society using an approach is offered.

precariat; social structure; classes of Russian society; new trends in employment


Anisimov R.I. (2017) Work in the Era of Uncertainty. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 11: 44–52. (In Russ.)

Castels M. (2000) Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture / Trancl. under ed. O.I. Shkaratan. Moscow: GU VShE. (In Russ.)

Employment and Social Precarization in Russia: Introduction to the Analysis (2014) / V.N. Bobkov, O.V. Veredyuk, R.P. Kolosova, T.O. Razumova. Moscow: TEIS. (In Russ.)

Goldthorpe J. (2004) The Economic Basis of Social Class. London: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Golenkova Z. T., Goliusova Yu. (2015) Precariat as a New Group of Employees. Uroven' zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Level of Life of Population of Regions of Russia]. No. 1(195): 47–57. (In Russ.)

Martianov V.S. (2017) Our Rental Future: the Global Contours of Society without Difficulty? Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 5:141–53. (In Russ.)

Shkaratan I.O., Karacharovsky V.V., Lasukova E.N. (2015) The Precariat: Theory and Empirical Analysis (Based on Materials of Surveys in Russia, 1994–2013). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 12: 99–110. (In Russ.)

Standing G. (2011) The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. London; New York: Bloomsbury Academic.

Standing G. (2014) The Precariat: the New Dangerous Class. Moscow: Marginem Press. (In Russ.)

Tikhonova N.E., Karavay A.V. (2017) The Impact of the Economic Crisis 2014–2016 Employment of Russians. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ehkonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny [Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes]. No. 2: 1–17. (In Russ.)

Tikhonova N.E. (2014) Social Structure of Russia: Theories and Reality. Moscow: Novyj khronograf (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh. (2015) The Precariat – a New Social Class. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 6: 3–13. (In Russ.)

Content No 2, 2019