Special Education for Children with Limited Health Abilities: Factors of Regions Inequality

Special Education for Children with Limited Health Abilities: Factors of Regions Inequality

Kulagina E.V.

Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Leading Researcher, Laboratory for Socio-Economic Issues of Human Development and Quality of Life, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow, Russia elkulagina@yandex.ru

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Kulagina E.V. Special Education for Children with Limited Health Abilities: Factors of Regions Inequality. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 3. P. 49-62


The article reviewed trends in the special education in Russia under the conditions of decentralization. It shows the level of regional inequalities in the share of children with special educational needs to the total number of schoolchildren, their distribution by forms of education, comprising the data with developed countries. On the basis of the analysis of foreign studies it identifies the inequality factors characterizing population and territories that feature growing number of children with special educational needs, clue to unsuitable conditions of education. It specifies socio-economic and demographic (including territorial) factors specific for Russia, that are related to high share of children with special educational needs in the number of schoolchildren, selecting a group of regions with low living standards and low population density. Most significant factors are population density and settlement type, that predetermine worse conditions for finding out children with special educational needs. Selected groups of regions are specified featuring significantly high proportion of children with special educational needs, share of children with development delay, share of children with special educational needs in general classes, in special classes or in special schools. The information base of the research in the Russian Federation subjects was the federal statistics data provided by Rosstat and the RF Ministry of Education and Science for the period 2011 to 2015.

children with special educational needs; children with disabilities; special education; regional disproportions; educational inequality; regional disproportions of special education; disability and education policy


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Content No 3, 2019