Society of Trauma: between Evolution and Revolution (а round table discussion)

Society of Trauma:
between Evolution and Revolution (а round table discussion)

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Society of Trauma: between Evolution and Revolution (а round table discussion). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 6. P. 3-14


Analysis of the world/state/society proceeds along well-known path – revolution/ evolution. In the world today, however, there is such a phenomenon as societies of trauma. Respective countries are for a long time stagnating and/or degraded in development, they are in recession losing previous achievements. This article discusses features of the trauma of the society: 1) lack of clear-cut development strategy and understanding of the development prospects; 2) economic degradation; 3) lack of constructive political forces; 4) transitions of power resources into capital and vice versa; 5) withdrawal, voluntary/forced, of a majority of active population from political participation; 6) absence of a state ideology and/or national idea; 7) ignoring national interests, or their excessive absolutization; 8) growing social inequality; 9) political strain and loss of national sovereignty; 10) lack of respect for traditions and experiences of the country or, conversely, archaic, long-forgotten ethnic, religious and patriarchal attitudes. Particular attention is paid to Russia, as a traumatized society, for in its development, rejecting socialist past and proclaiming new, unexplored paths in development, it is in a state of uncertainty of their future. In this context, an analysis of the obstacles to be overcome cannot be based on either evolutionary or revolutionary paths of development.

revolution; evolution; trauma; development; operation; social consequences


Alexander J.C. (2013) The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology. Moscow: Praxis. (In Russ.)

Giddens A. (2009) The Politics of Climate Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Humanistic Turn: the Imperative of Human Civilization. Monograph. (2018) Under the general editorship of S.А. Kravchenko. Moscow: MGIMO-Universitet. (In Russ.)

Interethnic Harmony as a Resource for Consolidating Russian Society: a Monograph. (2016) Ed. by L.M. Drobizheva. Moscow: IS RAN. (In Russ.)

Kravchenko S.A. (2014) Rediscovery of Social Reality as an Indicator of the Validity of Sociological Knowledge. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 5: 27–37. (In Russ.)

Lapin N.I. (2018) Hybrid Transit and the Need for «Modernization for All». Vestnik Instituta sotsiologii [Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology]. No. 4: 104–136. (In Russ.)

Moscow Economic Forum – 2016: 25 Years of Market Reforms in Russia and the World. What Comes Next? (2016) Predprinimatel’stvo [Entrepreneurship]. No. 2: 6–23. (In Russ.)

Perrow Ch. (2011) The Next Catastrophe: Reducing Our Vulnerabilities to Natural, Industrial, and Terrorist Disasters. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Slavin B.F. (2009) Ideology Is Back. Moscow: Sotsial’no-gumanitarnye znaniya. (In Russ.)

Sorokin P.A. (1999) Conditions and Prospects for a World Without War. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 5: 3–12. (In Russ.)

Sztompka P. (2001) Social Change as Trauma. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 6–16. (In Russ.)

Tarabrina N.V. (2009) Psychology of Post-Traumatic Stress: Theory and Practice. Moscow: IP RAN. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2017) Trauma as Deformation of Evolutionary and Revolutionary Development of Society (a Sociological Theorizing). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 4: 16–26. (In Russ.)

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2018) Prekariat: from Protoclass to a New Class. Monograph. Moscow: Nauka: 10–31. (In Russ.)

Content No 6, 2019