Jurgen Habermas’ Post-marxism and Dialectics of Social Development

Jurgen Habermas’ Post-marxism and Dialectics of Social Development

Ivanov D.V.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration; Head of the Department of Theory and History of Sociology, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia dvi2001@rambler.ru

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Ivanov D.V. Jurgen Habermas’ Post-marxism and Dialectics of Social Development. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 6. P. 26-36


The article is dedicated to analysis of J. Habermas’ contribution to sociological theorizing with special focus on his conception of the modern society development. The neo-Marxist and post-Marxist phases in his intellectual career have been characterized. Habermas’ integrative paradigm and his two-level theory of society are interpreted as a new perspective on goals and indicators of social development. Being presented as foundations of sociality, communicative rationality and communicative action correspond to current processes of social development, but in Habermas’ theory they are used to deter social changes and to defend values and institutions of the previous centuries from the past. Conception of the life-world defense against the system expansion is a kind of conservative utopia. Under today’s virtualization and post-virtualization conditions the life-world is not conservative reality of everyday routine but augmented reality constructed by creative and mobile communications and supported by network and flow structures. In such augmented social reality, communicative action creates meanings, symbolic structures legitimating purposive-rational action and the system.

Habermas; critical theory; communicative action; social development; dialectics


Иванов Д.В. Критическая теория и виртуализация общества // Социологические исследования. 1999. № 1. С. 32–40. [Ivanov D.V. (1999) Critical Theory and Virtualization of Society. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaiya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 32–40. (In Russ.)]

Хабермас Ю. Модерн – незавершенный проект // Вопросы философии. 1992. № 4. С. 40–52. [Habermas J. (1992) Die Moderne – ein unvollendentes Projekt. Voprosy filosofii [Questions of Philosophy]. No. 4: 40–52. (In Russ.)]

Baudrillard J. (1981) Simulacres et simulation. Paris: Galilée.

Habermas J. (1962) Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit. Neuwied: Luchterhand.

Habermas J. (1968a) Erkenntnis und Interesse. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Habermas J. (1968b) Technik und Wissenschaft als «Ideologie». Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Habermas J. (1973) Legitimitätsprobleme im Spätkapitalismus. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Habermas J. (1976) Zur Rekonstruktion des historischen Materialismus. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Habermas J. (1980) Die Moderne – ein unvollendentes Projekt. Die Zeit. 19 Sept.

Habermas J. (1981a) Modernity versus Postmodernity. New German Critique. No. 22: 3–14.

Habermas J. (1981b) Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns. Bd. 1, 2. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Habermas J. (1985) Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Habermas J. (1992) Faktizität und Geltung. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Habermas J., Luhmann N. (1971) Theorie der Gesellschaft oder Sozialtechnologie. Was leistet die Systemforschung? Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Horkheimer M., Adorno T. (1947) Dialektik der Aufklärung. Amsterdam: Querido.

Horkheimer M. (1988) Traditionelle und Kritische Theorie. Gesammelte Schriften. Bd. 4: Schriften 1936–1941. Frankfurt am Main: Fisher Verlag.

Kellner D. (1989) Critical Theory, Marxism, and Modernity. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Lyotard J.-F. (1979) La Condition postmoderne. Rapport sur le savoir. Paris: Minuit.

Marcuse H. (1964) One-dimensional Man. Boston: Beacon Press.

Marcuse H. (1972) Counterrevolution and Revolt. Boston: Beacon Press.

Parsons T. (1966) Societies: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Schütz A. (1967) The Phenomenology of the Social World. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

Wellmer A. (1985) Zur Dialektik von Moderne und Postmoderne. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Content No 6, 2019