Teaching the Fundamentals of Religion in General Education School (the Case of the Republics of the North Caucasus
Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Professor, Head of the Center for Border Region Studies of the Institute of Socio-Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Department of sociology and social work, K.L. Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Russia email@example.com
Researcher of the Center for Border Region Studies of the Institute of Socio-Political Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Postgraduate, Department of sociology, K. L. Khetagurov North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Today, in all schools of Russia, teaching standards for religious education for primary and middle school students are being introduced, but public opinion on the issue of changing the standards of secular general education has not yet been studied. To overcome this gap, public opinion polls have been conducted on this innovation. The most difficult and diverse regions in the ethnic, religious and cultural aspects were chosen as the location for the surveys, which, due to their peculiarities, are also the most informative from the point of view of the clash of religious interests – the republic of the North Caucasus. Earlier studies have shown a high respect for the representatives of monotheistic religions by the overwhelming majority of residents of the republics of the North Caucasus Federal District, but the issues of teaching the basics of their own and foreign religions in secondary schools are quite acute and require special consideration. On the basis of the conducted research, significant differences were revealed in relation to the lessons of religious education in different republics. The authors came to following conclusions: 1) to take public opinion into account in order to adjust the process of changing the standards of general education on the territory of the North Caucasus adequate to the public demand; 2) to conduct similar research in the territory of each subject of Russia and the adjustment of education standards in accordance with the data obtained.