Social Outcomes of the Post-soviet Transformations

Social Outcomes of the Post-soviet Transformations

Gorshkov M.K.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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Gorshkov M.K. Social Outcomes of the Post-soviet Transformations. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 11. P. 3-17


The article is devoted to the analysis of the social consequences of an almost 30-years long period of post-Soviet transformations. The empirical basis was the results of 9 waves of the all-Russian 2014–2018 sociological monitoring. The modern social structure of post-reform Russian society is considered in the context of its revenue stratification and in cross-country comparison. Assessment of the level and quality of life of different groups is given taking into account indicators of objective and subjective well-being/trouble of Russians based on their perception of current social reality. The degree of satisfaction with various aspects of their everyday life, as well as the psychoemotional states characteristic of them in different social situations, is considered as a key indicator of subjective wellbeing/non-well-being. In a generalized analysis of the social results of a quarter century of Russian transformations. The dynamics of social mobility of Russians from the late 1980s was also discussed until now. The author completes the analysis of the social changes that have taken place with the formulation of a number of postulates about the social results of post-Soviet transformations.

post-Soviet transformations; social structure; income stratification; inequality; objective well-being; subjective well-being; social mobility; mass consciousness; psychological well-being


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Content No 11, 2019