Ideological Vectors and Scalars of Action for Proponents of Change

Ideological Vectors and Scalars of Action for Proponents of Change

Latov Yu.V.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Leading Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

ID of the Article:

This article has been prepared with financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project No. 19-011-00277

For citation:

Latov Yu.V. Ideological Vectors and Scalars of Action for Proponents of Change. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2019. No 12. P. 15-28


The materials of monitoring studies of the Institute of Sociology of the FNISTS RAS in recent years examine the sociopolitical (related to ideological orientations) characteristics of those Russians who are supporters of changes in the country. An analysis of the database of the all-Russian survey on a representative sample conducted in the autumn of 2018 made it possible to single out avant-garde groups (18% of the population). They desire change more than one and a half times more often than Russians in general. The strongest vector of desire for change is associated with the liberal ideologeme, which also unites around itself supporters of the socialist and (to a lesser extent) «state-owned» ideologies. Liberalism plays the role of a kind of catalyst: without its «additive», all other ideologies and their combinations, as a rule, are much weaker associated with the desire for change. The identification of vectors (ideological directions) of the desire for change is complemented by the measurement of its scalars (force). Data on the actual participation of respondents in mass actions makes it possible to distinguish the «core» of actors for change differently: this is 6% of the population who demonstrate not only an increased desire for change, but also more frequent (almost 2 times more often than other Russians) participation in mass actions for change. In this «core», the liberals prevail over the Russian nationalists, but weaker (no longer by 6 times, but less than 2 times) than in previously identified avant-garde groups. This shows that in the «core» of the actors of striving for changes to a certain extent, there is an effect of mutual neutralization of supporters of multidirectional (liberal and nationalist) changes.

request for change; actors of request for change; ideological orientations; opinion polls


Byzov L.G. (2019) Тhe Dynamics of Ideological and Political Preferences for 25 Years. Three Stages of the Transformation of Social Consciousness. Rossiya XXI [Russia XXI]. No. 1: 6–29. (In Russ.)

Byzov L.G. (2016) Transformational Processes of the Russian Companies on the Background of Sociopolitical Crisis and Postkrymsky Syndrome. Obshchestvennyye nauki i sovremennost' [Social Sciences and Contemporary World]. No. 6: 5–20. (In Russ.)

Gatieva A.M. (2010) Political Socialization: the Basic Theoretical Approaches of the Research. Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Regionovedenie: filosofiya, istoriya, sotsiologiya, yurisprudentsiya, politologiya, kul'turologiya [Bulletin of the Adygei State University. Ser.: Regional Studies: Philosophy, History, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Political Science, Cultural Studies]. Iss. 3(64): 112–117. (In Russ.)

Gorshkov M.K., Petukhov V.V. (eds) (2018) Twenty-Five Years of Russian Transformations: Experience of Sociological Analysis. Moscow: Ves' mir. (In Russ.)

Gurr T.R. (2005) Why Men Rebel. St. Petersburg: Piter. (In Russ.)

Levashov V.K. (2018) Political Culture of Modern Russian Society: Sociological Measurements and Practices. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 7: 50–60. (In Russ.)

Petukhov V. (2018) Dynamics of the Social Attitudes of the Russia's Citizens and Making of a Public Demand for Change. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 11: 40–53. (In Russ.)

Petukhov V. (2018) Democratization of the Russian Society: Is Second Attempt Possible? POLIS. Politicheskiye issledovaniya [POLIS. Political Studies]. No. 5: 8–23. (In Russ.)

Russian Society after the Presidential Election – 2018: Request for Change. (2018) Moscow: FCTAS RAS. (In Russ.)

Scientific Notes of the FCTAS RAS: Materials of the Meeting of the Academic Council (Moscow, February 2019). Vol. 2. Moscow: FCTAS RAS. (In Russ.)

Scheglov I.A. (2015) Political Socialization as a Problem of Political Theory. Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya [Theory and Practice of Social Development]. No. 18: 160–163. (In Russ.)

Shestopal E.B. (2005) Political Socialization and Resocialization in Modern Russia. Politiya [Politeia]. No. 4(39): 48–69. (In Russ.)

Volkov D., Kolesnikov A. (2017) We’re Waiting for Change. Whether There is Mass Demand for Change in Russia? Moscow: The Carnegie Moscow Center. (In Russ.)

Content No 12, 2019