International Collaborations of the University Science:
Incentives and Obstacles
Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Head of the Department for Analysis of Scientific and Technological Development, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Leading Researcher at the Institute for Economic Policy named after E.T. Gaidar, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Head of the Center for Sociology of Education and Science, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Prof. of the Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Political Science named after G.S. Arefieva of the National Research University “Moscow Power Engineering Institute”, Moscow, Russia. Kliucharev@mail.ru
The article analyzes models of interaction between Russian university science and world science. The relationship between various forms of international scientific collaboration (joint research projects, participation in international conferences and academic exchange) in modern sociopolitical environment has been evaluated. Analysis of geography and incentives for international scientific cooperation based on the survey data from 223 experts (vice-rectors for research, vicerectors for international relations, leaders of large international projects) representing 112 Russian universities, showed that international cooperation is significantly diversified by types of work and countries of cooperation. In general, it reflects the structure of international cooperative linkages that are characteristic for Russian science as a whole. Traditional and “light” types (participation in conferences, mutual visits, and joint articles) mainly represent the prevailing forms of cooperation. Much less, universities are involved in projects related to commercial applications of research results.
Abramo G., D’Angelo C.A., Solazzi M. (2011) Are researchers that collaborate more at the international level top performers? An investigation on the Italian university system. Journal of Informetrics. No. 5(1): 204–213.
Abramo G., D’Angelo C.A., Di Costa F. (2019) The collaboration behavior of top scientists. Scientometrics. No. 118: 215–232.
Agasisti T., Shibanova E., Platonova D., Lisyutkin M. (2020) The Russian Excellence Initiative for higher education: a nonparametric evaluation of short-term results. International Transactions in Operational Research. Vol. 27. No. 4: 1911–1929.
Arefyev A.L., Sheregi F.E. (2014) Foreign students in Russian higher education institutes. Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation. Moscow: TSI. (In Russ.)
Bozeman B., Youtie J., Slade C.P., Gaughan M. (2012) The “dark side” of academic research collaborations: Case studies in exploitation, bullying and unethical behavior. Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S). Copenhagen Business School: Frederiksberg, Denmark.
Dezhina I.G. (2018) Russian-French scientific collaboration: Approaches and mutual attitudes. Sociology of Science and Technology. Vol. 9. No. 1: 101–115.
Dezhina I.G. (2020) Transformational research: new priority of the state after the pandemic. Мoscow: In-t Gaidara. (In Russ.)
Dezhina I.G., Kliucharev G.A. (2020) Russian Concepts of International Scientific-Technological Cooperation: Changing Drivers of Development. Sociologiya nauki I tekhnologii [Sociology of Science and Technology]. Vol. 11. No. 4: 51–69. (In Russ.)
Dezhina I.G., Kuznetsov E.N., Korobkov A.V., Vasilyev N.V. (2015) Development of Collaboration with RussianSpeaking Research Diaspora: Experience, Problems, Prospects. Moscow: RSMD. (In Russ.)
Dushina S.A., Asheulova N.A. (2014) International laboratories: chance to save science in Russia (based on interviews with insiders). Nauka. Innovatsii. Obrazovanie [Science. Innovation. Education]. No.16: 119–138. (In Russ.)
Glänzel W., Schubert A. (2004) Analyzing scientific networks through co-authorship. Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research. Eds. H.F. Moed, W. Glänzel, U. Schmoch. Springer, Dordrecht: 257–276.
Gorodnikova N.B., Gokhberg L.M., Ditkovsky K.A. et al. (2018) Indicators of science: 2018: statistical collection. Moscow: NIU VSHE.
Gokhberg L.M., Ditkovsky K.A., Evnevich E.I. et al. (2021) Indicators of science: 2021: statistical collection. Moscow: NIU VSHE.
Inglehart P., Karabchuk T., Moiseev S., Nikitina M. (2013) International Research Laboratories in Russia: Factors Underlying Scientists’ Satisfaction with Their Work. Forsait [Foresight-Russia]. Vol. 7. No. 4: 44–59. (In Russ.)
Kliucharev G.A., Neverov A.V. (2018) Project “5–100”: some interim results. Vestnik RUDN. Ser.: Sotsiologiya [Bulletin of the RUDN. Sociology Series]. Vol. 18. No. 1: 100–116. (In Russ.)
Kotsemir M. (2012) Dynamics of Russian and World Science through the Prism of International Publications. Forsait [Foresight-Russia]. Vol. 6. No. 1: 38–58. (In Russ.)
Laudel G. (2002) What do we measure by co-authorships? Research Evaluation. No. 11(1): 3–15.
Matthews K.R.W., Yang E., Lewis S.W., Vaidyanathan B.R., Gorman M. (2020) International scientific collaborative activities and barriers to them in eight societies. Accountability in Research. Vol. 27. No. 8: 477–495.
Matveeva N., Ferligoj A. (2020) Scientific collaboration in Russian universities before and after the excellence initiative Project 5–100. Scientometrics. No. 124: 2383–2407.
Sher G. (2019) From Pugwash to Putin. A critical history of US-Soviet Scientific Cooperation. Indiana University Press.
Shmatko N.A., Volkova G.L. (2018) Knowledge of foreign languages by Russian scientists. Express-information “Science. Technology. Innovations”. Moscow: ISIEZ NRU-HSE. URL: https://issek.hse.ru/mirror/pubs/ share/226629690 (accessed 31.03.21). (In Russ.)
Shore B., Cross B. (2005) Exploring the role of national culture in the management of large-scale international science projects. International Journal of Project Management. No. 23: 55–64.
Sugimoto C.R., Robinson-Garcia N., Murray D.S., Yegros-Yegros A., Costas R., Larivière V. (2017) Scientists Have the Most Impact When They’re Free to Move. Nature. No. 55: 29–31.
Wagner C.S. (2018) The Collaborative Era in Science: Governing the Network. Cham, CH: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wilson C.S., Markusova V. (2004) Changes in the scientific output of Russia from 1980 to 2000, as reflected in the International Science Citation Index (WoS), in relation to national politico-economic changes. Scientometrics. No. 59 (3): 345–389.
Zemnukhova L.V. (2017) “Megagrants”: how international laboratories are operated. Problemy deyatelnosti iuchenogo v nauchnykh kollektivah [Problems of the scientist’s activity in research teams]. No. 3(33): 114–125. (In Russ.)
Кatz J.S., Martin B. (1997) What is Research Collaboration? Research Policy. No. 26 (1):1–18