Social Memory of Russians about the Great Patriotic War (The Сase of the Saratov Region)
Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof., Dean of Faculty, Sociological Faculty, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia. email@example.com
Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof., Prof., Sociological Faculty, Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Sci (Sociol.), Prof. of the Department of social Informatics of the faculty of sociology, N.G. Chernyshevsky National Research Saratov State University, Saratov, Russia email@example.com
The article is devoted to one of the most relevant topics of Russian social life today: social memory of Russians about the Great Patriotic War. Theoretical and methodological conceptualization of the concept of social memory leads the authors to treat this concept as one of the basic mechanisms that produce, consolidate and preserve sociality. Social memory is a key to social relationships because by producing socio-value paradigm it is at the heart of regulations of social action. Institutional paradigm of the study serves as study scheme containing a number of evaluation positions on the quality of storage and transmission of historical facts from generation to generation revealed in such positions as: a rating of popular sources of information about the events of the Great Patriotic War, levels of trust to information in terms of accessibility, volume and historical reliability. It was this approach that made it possible to objectify subjective evaluation positions by building a model of averages. In addition, a qualitative research strategy was used. Questions – arguments for confidence assessments were open. This allowed to objectively assess quality of activities to reproduce the social memory in various social institutions: family, school, media, and the state. In general, the obtained data feature f rather high degree of confidence making it possible to state that in relation to the formation, preservation, development and transfer of the social memory of Russians about the Great Patriotic War basic social institutions responsible for these processes fulfill their functions: contribution to the preservation, consolidation, development and self-regulation of the social system of modern Russian society.
Вебер М. Избранные произведения. М.: Прогресс, 1990. [Weber М. (1990) Selected works. Moscow: Progress. (In Russ.)]
Волкова В.Н. Институты социальной памяти как основа негэнтропийных тенденций в обществе // Россия: тенденции и перспективы развития. 2015. № 3. C. 444–447. [Volkova V.N. (2015) Institutions of social memory as the basis of non-entropy trends in society. Rossiya: tendentsii i perspektivy razvitiya [Russia: trends and prospects for development]. No. 3: 444–447. (In Russ.)]
Дюркгейм Э. Элементарные формы религиозной жизни. Тотемическая система в Австралии. М.: Элементарные формы, 2018. [Durkheim Е. (2018) Elementary forms of religious life. The totemic system in Australia. Moscow: Elementarnyye formy. (In Russ.)]
Жуков Д.С. Коллективная память: ключевые исследовательские проблемы и интерпретации феномена // Ineternum. 2013. № 1. C. 6–16. [Zhukov D.S. (2013) Collective memory: key research problems and interpretations of the phenomenon. Ineternum. No 1: 6–16. (In Russ.)
Маркс K., Энгельс Ф. Сочинения: в 30 т. Изд. 2-е. Т. 8. М.: Госполитиздат, 1960. [Marx К., Engels F. (1960) Works: in 30 vols. 2nd ed. Vol. 8. Moscow: Gospolitizdat. (In Russ.)]
Assmann J. (1997) Moses the Egyptian: The memory of Egypt in Western monotheism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Crane D. (1994) The Sociology of Culture: Emerging Theoretical Perspectives. Oxford: Blackwell.
Dudai Y. (2008) Memory from A to Z: Keywords, concepts and beyond. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Olick J.K., Levy D. (2008) Collective memory and cultural constraint: Holocaust myth and rationality in German politics. American sociological review. Vol. 62. No. 6: 921–936.
Roediger H.L., Wertsch J.V. (2008) Creating a new discipline of memory studies. Memory Studies. No. 1: 5–17.
Schieder T. (1978) The role of historical consciousness in political action. History and Theory. Vol. 17. No. 4: 1–18.
Simmel G. (1959) The Ruin. In Georg Simmel 1858–1918. Ed. by K. Wolff. Columbus: Ohio State Univ. Press.
Sturken M. (1997) Tangled Memories: The Vietnam War, the AIDS Epidemic, and the Politics of Remembering. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Wertsch J.V., Roediger H.L. (2008) Collective memory: Conceptual foundations and theoretical approaches. Memory. No.16: 318–326.