Moldovan Families with Children During COVID-19 Pandemic: Material Situation and Adaptive Strategies

Moldovan Families with Children During COVID-19 Pandemic:
Material Situation and Adaptive Strategies

Rozhko A.A.

Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Chief Researcher, National Institute for Economic Research, Chisinau, Moldova.

Gagauz O.E.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Vice director for scientific activity, National Institute for Economic Research, Chisinau, Moldova.

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Rozhko A.A., Gagauz O.E. Moldovan Families with Children During COVID-19 Pandemic: Material Situation and Adaptive Strategies. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2022. No 4. P. 68-75


Basing on a sociological survey in October-November 2020, changes in the material situation of families with children in Moldova and adaptive strategies were analyzed using a representative national sample, as well as official statistics. The results of the study showed that during the Covid-19 pandemic, about half of the country’s families faced income reductions. Young families, families with three or more children, and labor migrant families forced to return from working abroad found themselves in a particularly difficult situation. An assessment of the families’ financial situation largely depended on the changes in the respondents’ work activity. Among those working remotely and who continued to work as usual, as a rule employed in the public sector, a small proportion of respondents suffered economic losses, while among those who lost their jobs or were on involuntary technical leave, mostly in the private sector, more than two-thirds faced serious financial difficulties. Among returning labor migrants, seven out of ten noted a decrease in the income of their families. In overcoming eventual material difficulties, the respondents pin little hopes on government assistance. The main mechanisms for the adaptation of the population to new conditions were the search for additional work, borrowing money from relatives and orientation towards working migration.

financial situation of families; COVID-19 pandemic; Moldova


Andreeva E., Bychkov D., Feoktistova O. (2021) COVID-19 and Anti-Crisis social support. Finansovyy zhurnal [Finansian Journal]. Vol. 13. No. 1: 28–38. DOI: 10.31107/2075-1990-2021-1-28-38. (In Russ.)

Avraamova E., Karavay A., Loginov D. (2018) Adaptive Population Strategies: Between Survival and Development. (February 12, 2018). DOI: (In Russ.)

Karavay A.V. (2021) The Behavior of Russians Aimed at Improving Their Financial Situation in the Era of COVID-19. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskiye i sotsial’nyye peremeny [Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes]. No. 2 (169): 121–137. (In Russ.)

Karimova L.F. (2015) Adaptive strategies of poor population in the modern russian society. Izvestiya VUZov. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennyye nauki [Social sciences. Sociology]. No. 1 (33). URL: (accessed 19.11.2021).

Korovnikova N.A. (2019) Features of the socio-economic adaptatione of modern Russians. ESPR. No. 1. URL: (accessed 15.11.2021).

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). (2014) In: Population and housing census results. URL: https://statistica. (accessed 15.12.2021). (In Roman.)

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). (2021a) In: Labor force in the Republic of Moldova: employment and unemployment in 2020. URL: (accessed 06.12.2021). (In Roman.)

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). (2021a) In: Poverty level in the Republic of Moldova in 2020. URL: (accessed 06.12.2021). (In Roman.)

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). (2021b) In: Aspects of Living Standards of the Population in 2020 (Results of the Household Budget Survey). URL: (accessed 07.12.2021). (In Roman.)

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). (2021b) In: Average monthly wages and the number of employees in 2020. URL: (accessed 08.12.2021). (In Roman.)

Patsiorkovskiy V.V. (2020) Adaptation strategies of various population groups to negative socio-economic conditions In: Global challenges and regional development in the mirror of sociological dimensions: Proceedings of the V International Scientific-practice. internet-konf. (23–27 Marz 2020). Ch. 1. Vologda: FGBUN VolNTs RAN. 88–94.

Popova I., Sedova N. (2004) Additional employment in successful adaptation strategies of the population. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 2: 31–42.

Public Opinion Barometer (October 2020). URL: (accessed 12.02.2021).

Ryazantsev S.V. (2020) Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the situation of migrant workers in Russia. In: Demographic readings (Challenges and trends in the demographic development of Russia and its regions). Collection of articles of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference (May 22, 2020) / ed. G.F. Khilazheva, R.N. Komlevoy. Ufa: 128–131. (In Russ.)

Tabac T. (2020) The impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the economic situation of migrants and remittances: the case of the Republic of Moldova. In: The economic and social implications of the COVID‑19 pandemic: analyzes, forecasts and mitigation strategies: theses of the international scientific conference (October 23, 2020). Chisinau: 289–291. (In Roman.)

Content No 4, 2022