Housing Dysfunctions for Orphans as a Factor of their Social Exclusion
Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof. of Management department, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof., Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia. email@example.com
State Adviso, Assistant the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the article is to study of social exclusion factors of residential institutions graduates, to analyze relationship between the processes of their housing deprivation and social exclusion, to determine the effectiveness of regional measures of social support for orphans while waiting in line for housing. In 2021, the authors conducted a survey of graduates of residential institutions (N = 3868 people). The results of the study showed that only 4.8% of graduates of boarding schools were able to get an apartment timely. As a result, orphans are forced to solve their problems on their own: rent apartment, seek shelter from friends or relatives. Housing deprivation of orphans becomes a trigger point for such manifestations of social exclusion as limited access to vital social services, problems with employment, and a difficult financial situation. Untimely provision of housing, absence or insufficiency of compensatory measures of regional support compress the space for the implementation of successful life scenarios for orphans, and form social anomie risks. A consequence of these dysfunctions is growing protest potential of boarding schools graduates.
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