Housing Dysfunctions for Orphans as a Factor of their Social Exclusion
Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof. of Management department, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof., Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia. firstname.lastname@example.org
State Adviso, Assistant the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia email@example.com
The aim of the article is to study of social exclusion factors of residential institutions graduates, to analyze relationship between the processes of their housing deprivation and social exclusion, to determine the effectiveness of regional measures of social support for orphans while waiting in line for housing. In 2021, the authors conducted a survey of graduates of residential institutions (N = 3868 people). The results of the study showed that only 4.8% of graduates of boarding schools were able to get an apartment timely. As a result, orphans are forced to solve their problems on their own: rent apartment, seek shelter from friends or relatives. Housing deprivation of orphans becomes a trigger point for such manifestations of social exclusion as limited access to vital social services, problems with employment, and a difficult financial situation. Untimely provision of housing, absence or insufficiency of compensatory measures of regional support compress the space for the implementation of successful life scenarios for orphans, and form social anomie risks. A consequence of these dysfunctions is growing protest potential of boarding schools graduates.
Balabanova E.S., Balabanov A.S. (2003) The processes of accumulating advantages and deepening deprivation: towards the formulation of a research problem. Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya [Economic sociology]. No. 4(4): 62–78. (In Russ.)
Barsukov A.V., Semikova L.A., Markelova T.V. (2019) The problem of self-consciousness of the personality of orphans. Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya [Problems of modern pedagogical education]. No. 63 (3): 282–285. (In Russ.)
Bauman Z. (2008) Fluid modernity. St. Petersburg: Peter. (In Russ.)
Bakhmatova T.G., Chusova Yu.A. (2015) Social exclusion of orphans in the regional labor market: the experience of the Irkutsk region. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 6 (374): 40–45. (In Russ.)
Dyurkgeym E. (1995) Sociology. Its subject, method, purpose. Moscow: Canon. (In Russ.)
Zelinskaya M.V., Klochko E.N. (2020) Improving state regulation of the mechanism for providing housing for orphans in the Krasnodar Territory. Estestvenno-gumanitarnye issledovaniya [Natural-Humanitarian Studies]. No. 1 (27): 114–122. DOI: 10.24411/2309-4788-2020-00021. (In Russ.)
Kazakova A.Yu. (2017) The Phenomenon of Housing Deprivation in Social and Natural Science Research: Conceptualization and Knowledge (Scientific-Analytical Review). Vestnik Surgutskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Surgut State Pedagogical University]. No. 3 (48): 46–62. (In Russ.)
Kostina E.Yu., Orlova N.A., Panfilova A.O. (2018) The state of the value system as a factor of anomie in modern Russian society. Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser.: Sotsiologiya [RUDN Journal of Sociology]. No. 18 (4): 719–730. (In Russ.)
Lytkina T.S. (2011). Social biography of exclusion in post-Soviet Russia. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial’noy antropologii [Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology]. No. 14 (1): 87–109. (In Russ.)
Medvedeva N.V., Frolova E.V., Rogach O.V. (2021) Interaction and prospects for partnership of territorial public self-government with local authorities. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 72–82. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250015275-5. (In Russ.)
Noskova A.V., Titova M.A., Vasiliev A.A., Kishkin M.I. (2016) Children outside the family: foster practices in Russia. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 8 (388): 54–64. (In Russ.)
Ponomareva I.V., Sizova Ya.N., Kuba E.A. (2019) Methods for diagnosing learned and personal helplessness among young people. Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Obrazovaniye i zdravookhraneniye [Bulletin of the Chelyabinsk State University. Education and healthcare]. No. 3–4 (7–8): 23–26. (In Russ.)
Popov S.N. (2017) The practice of realizing the constitutional right to housing for persons left without parental care: on the example of the Tyumen region. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo [Bulletin of Tomsk State University. Right]. No. 25: 107–112. (In Russ.)
Tikhonova N.E. (2003) The phenomenon of social exclusion in Russia. Mir Rossii. Sotsiologiya. Etnologiya [Universe of Russia. Sociology. Ethnology]. No. 12 (1): 36–84. (In Russ.)
Tsiring D.A., Evstafeeva E.A. (2011). Psychodiagnostics of personal helplessness: problems and methods. Siberian psychological journal [Sibirskiy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal]. No. 41: 111–120. (In Russ.)
Frikovski M., Stolbov V.P. (2006) Social exclusion and its overcoming: psychosociological aspect. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial’noy antropologii [Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology]. No. 9 (3): 43–52. (In Russ.)
Yaroshenko S.S. (2004) Northern village in the mode of social exclusion. Sociological researches. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 7(243): 71–82. (In Russ.)
Yaroshenko S.S. (2019) On the possibilities of applying the underclass theory in Russia. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 9: 28–38. (In Russ.)
Adnanes M. (2007) Social transitions and anomie among post-communist Bulgarian youth. YOUNG. Vol. 15(1): 49–69. DOI: 10.1177/1103308807072684.
Atkinson R., Davoudi S. (2000) The concept of social exclusion in the European Union: Context, development and possibilities. Journal of Common Market Studies. Vol. 38(3): 427–448.
Cass N., Shove E., Urry J. (2005) Social Exclusion, Mobility and Access. The Sociological Review. Vol. 53(3): 539–555. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467–954X.2005.00565.x.
Copeland P., Daly M. (2012) Varieties of poverty reduction: Inserting the poverty and social exclusion target into Europe 2020. Journal of European Social Policy. Vol. 22(3): 273–287.
Geddes M. (2000) Tackling Social Exclusion in the European Union? The Limits to the New Orthodoxy of Local Partnership. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. Vol. 24(4): 782–800.
Giddens A. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Hess Y.D., Ledgerwood A. (2014) Bolstering system-justifying beliefs in response to social exclusion. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. Vol. 17(4): 494–508. DOI: 10.1177/1368430213510572.
Madanipour A., Weck S. (2015) Social exclusion and poverty in Europe: Territorial patterns. Local Economy. Vol. 30(7): 715–720. DOI: 10.1177/0269094215601628.
Merton R. (1968) Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.
Milbourne P. (2014) Poverty, place and rurality: Material and sociocultural disconnections. Environment and Planning A. Vol. 46(3): 566–580.
Su Z., Ye Y., Wang P. (2019) Social change and generalized anomie: Why economic development has reduced social trust in China. International Sociology. Vol. 34(1): 58–82. DOI: 10.1177/0268580918812281.
Uslaner E.M. (2000) Producing and consuming trust. Political Science Quarterly. Vol. 115(4): 569–590.
Weck S., Lobato I.R. (2015) Social exclusion: Continuities and discontinuities in explaining local patterns. Local Economy. Vol. 30(7): 765–782. DOI: 10.1177/0269094215601641.