Factors of Access to Social Network Resources in Modern Russia

Factors of Access to Social Network Resources in Modern Russia

Karavay A.V.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Senior Researcher, Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS, Moscow, Russia karavayav@yandex.ru

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Karavay A.V. Factors of Access to Social Network Resources in Modern Russia. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2022. No 10. P. 74-84


In the article, based on the data of the FCTAS RAS in 2021, using a logistic regression model, factors affecting the inclusion of Russians in social networks capable of providing objectively significant types of support for a person are identified. It is showed that the most significant factor is the individual’s place of residence: living in Moscow and St. Petersburg significantly increases the likelihood of involvement in social networks and living in rural areas reduces it. Also we find a positive effect on access to social networks resources of a good state of health, a relatively long planning horizon, as well as the availability of professional education, employment, a relatively high level of income and sociopolitical activity. All these factors, concentrating in the already relatively prosperous mass strata of society, affect the ability of Russians to access to social networks resources, and thereby contribute to the further deepening of existing social inequalities. The age factor in Russian conditions turned out to be insignificant, which indicates the indirect nature of its influence on access to social networks resources, due to the concentration in older age groups of the main risks of exclusion from such networks (refusal of labor activity, reduction of the planning horizon, deterioration of health, etc.). In general, our results showed that the possibilities of access to resources in social networks include both micro-level factors related to an individual and macro-level factors depending on the situation in his place of residence and state policy.

social capital; social networks; resources of social networks; factors of social capital; social inequalities in Russia


Adler P.S., Kwon S.-W. (2002) Social capital: prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review. No. 27: 17–40.

Andriani L., Christoforou A. (2016) Social Capital: A Roadmap of Theoretical and Empirical Contributions and Limitations. Journal of Economic Issues. No. 50(1): 4–22. DOI: 10.1080/00213624.2016.1147296.

Avraamova E.M., Loginov D.M. (2002) Socio-economic adaptation: resources and opportunities. Obshchestvennyye nauki i sovremennost’ [Social Sciences and Modernity]. No. 5: 24–34. (In Russ.)

Avraamova E., Maleva T. (2014) On the Causes of Socio-Economic Inequality Reproduction: What Does Resources Approach Show? Voprosy Ekonomiki [Questions of Economics]. No. 7: 144–160. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.32609/0042-8736-2014-7-144-160.

Bourdieu P. Forms of Capital. Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya [Economic Sociology]. No. 3(5): 60–74. (In Russ.)

Christoforou A. (2005) On the determinants of social capital in Greece compared to countries of the European Union. Available at SSRN. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=726142 (accessed 07.03.2022).

Glaeser E. L. (2001) The formation of social capital. Canadian Journal of Policy Research. No. 2 (1): 34–40.

Glaeser E., Laibson D., Sacerdote B. (2002) An Economic Approach to Social Capital. Economic Journal. No. 112 (483): F437–F458.

Fidrmuc J., Gërxhani K. (2008) Mind the gap! Social capital, East and West. Journal of Comparative Economics. No. 36 (2): 264–286.

Fukuyama F. (2001) Social capital, civil society and development. Third world quarterly. No. 22(1): 7–20. DOI: 10.1080/713701144.

Kaasa A. (2019) Determinants of individual-level social capital: Culture and personal values. Journal of International Studies. No. 12 (1): 9–32. DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2019/12-1/1.

Kaasa A., Parts E. (2008) Individual-Level Determinants of Social Capital in Europe: Differences between Country Groups. Acta Sociologica. No. 51 (2): 145–168.

Karavai A.V. (2016) Russian workers: social capital and capital accumulation settings. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya [Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes]. No. 3: 1–15. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2016.3.01. (In Russ.)

Karavay A.V. (2021) Social Networks in Modern Russia: Scale, Structure and Functioning Mechanisms. Sociologicheskaja nauka i social’naja praktika [Sociological Science and Social Practice]. No. 9 (4): 42–60. DOI: 10.19181/snsp.2021.9.4.8605. (In Russ.)

Kozyreva P.M. (2009) Interpersonal trust in the context of the formation of social capital. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniia [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 43–54. (In Russ.)

Lollo E. (2012) Toward a theory of social capital definition: its dimensions and resulting social capital types. 14th World Congress of Social Economics. 2012. URL: https://docplayer.net/20995028-Toward-atheory-of-social-capital-definition-its-dimensions-and-resulting-social-capital-types.html (accessed 07.03.2022).

Putnam R. (1993) Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Radaev V.V. (2002) The concept of capital, forms of capital and their conversion. Ekonomicheskaya sociologiya [Economic Sociology]. No. 3 (4): 20–32. (In Russ.)

Sabatini F. (2009) Social capital as social networks: A new framework for measurement and an empirical analysis of its determinants and consequences. The Journal of Socio-Economics. No. 38 (3): 429–442. DOI: 10.1016/j.socec.2008.06.001.

Saukani N., Ismail N.A. (2019) Identifying the Components of Social Capital by Categorical Principal Component Analysis (CATPCA). Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement. No. 141 (2): 631–655. DOI: 10.1007/s11205-018-1842-2.

Savage M. et al. (2013) A new model of social class? Findings from the BBC’s Great British Class Survey experiment. Sociology. No. 47 (2): 219–250. DOI: 10.1177/0038038513481128.

Tikhonova N.E. (2004) Social capital as a factor of inequality. Obshchestvennyye nauki i sovremennost’ [Social Sciences and Modernity]. No. 4: 24–35. (In Russ.)

Tikhonova N.E. (2014) Social Structure of Modern Russia: theory and reality. Moscow: Novyy Khronograf. (In Russ.)

Content No 10, 2022