Social Well-Being and Ethnicity in the Context of Urbanization Processes among the Yakuts

Social Well-Being and Ethnicity in the Context of Urbanization Processes among the Yakuts

Vasileva O.V.

Cand. Sci. (Polit.), Senior Researcher, Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North of SB RAS, Yakutsk, Russia

ID of the Article:

For citation:

Vasileva O.V. Social Well-Being and Ethnicity in the Context of Urbanization Processes among the Yakuts. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2024. No 1. P. 63-72


This article considers the problem of social well-being of an ethnic group in the context of urbanization processes. One of the ethnic groups of Russia, the Yakuts (Sakha), was chosen for analysis. The data of a sociological study on the project “The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and big challenges: social well-being, mobility and adaptation strategies” are presented. The main reflection of social well-being in this article is the emotional state of the respondents and their subjective assessment of their own socio-economic situation. The answers of 765 respondents who noted their belonging to the Yakuts are analyzed. In a comparative vein, an analysis of social well-being in urban and rural areas was carried out. It was revealed that, despite the fact that, in general, the financial situation of Sakha citizens is better than that of the villagers, the estimates of the emotional state look more positive in rural areas. The respondents who assessed their socio-economic situation as unfavorable assess their emotional state most negatively. The dependence of assessments of the emotional state on the significance of ethnic identity has been revealed. Possible factors contributing to the formation of this situation are proposed. It has been suggested that the loss of close communication and social ties within the Sakha-speaking and mono-ethnic environment when moving to the city is more problematized for the most disadvantaged segments of the population, which causes a feeling of depression, apathy, and indifference.

social well-being; emotional state; village; city; urbanization


Arkhangelsky V.N. (2006) Fertility factors. Мoscow: ТЕIS. (In Russ.)

Arutiunian YU.V., Drobizheva L.M. (2000) Ethnosociology: past and new horizons. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 3: 11–21 (In Russ.)

Bragina D.G. (2021) Ethnic features of the settlement of the Yakuts in the late XX and early XXI centuries. Interaktivnaya nauka [Interactive science]. No. 4 (59): 13–16. (In Russ.)

Breslavsky A.S. (2020) Urbanization processes in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia): the dynamics of key parameters (1989–2018). Urbanistika [URBAN STUDIES]. No. 1: 68–81. (In Russ.)

Burnasheva N.I., Ignatieva V.B. (2020) M.K. Ammosov: a prominent national leader of the early soviet period. Vestnik RUDN. Ser.: Istoriya Rossii [RUDN Journal of Russian History]. Vol. 19. No. 1: 63–77. (In Russ.)

Cherkasov A.A. (2016) Ethnic aspects of urbanization in Russia. Stavropol. (In Russ.)

Cherkasov A.A. (2018) Features of involvement in urbanization processes of ethnic groups in Russia. Nauka. Innivacii. Tehnologii [Science. Innovation. Technologies]. No. 4: 105–116. (In Russ.)

Chistanov M.N. (2021) Visual turn in the structure of ethnic identification and self-identification of urban residents. Innovatsii. Nauka. Obrazovanie [Innovations. Science. Education]. No. 46: 2102–2107. (In Russ.)

Drobizheva L.M. (2006) Methodological problems of ethnosociological research. Sociologicheskij zhurnal [Russian Sociological Journal]. No. 3/4: 89–101. (In Russ.)

Ethnosocial processes in Yakutia: a modern perspective and development prospects. (2020) Yakutsk: IGIiPMNS SO RAN. (In Russ.)

Gres R.A. (2017) On the issue of the impact of the urbanization process on the intensity of ethnic and quasiethnic identities. Simvol nauki: mezhdunarodnj nauchnyj zhurnal. [Symbol of Science: International Scientific Journal]. No. 9: 51–57. (In Russ.)

Ignatieva V.B. (1994) National composition of the population of Yakutia. Ethno-statistical study. Yakutsk. (In Russ.)

Ivanova N.I. (2018) Lingual disposition of Sakha in education in context of modern extralinguistic realities (based on polls in Yakutsk). Novyje issledovanija Tuvy [The New Research of Tuva]. No. 1: 163–167. (In Russ.)

Ivanova N.I. (2022) Language situation in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia): the Yakut language at the beginning of the 21st century, ethnosociopsycholinguistic aspect. Novosibirsk. (In Russ.)

Mostakhova T.S. (2017) Regional specifics of the reproduction of the population of the northern region and the priorities of demographic policy. Regional`naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika [Regional Economics: Theory and Practice]. Vol. 15. No. 4: 785. (In Russ.)

Poghosyan G. (1994) The fate of the Armenian in Armenia. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 150–154. (In Russ.)

Popkov Yu.V. (2023) Ethnosocial processes in the concept sphere of the Novosibirsk scientific ethnosociological school. Gumanitarnyje nauki v Sibiri [Humanitarian Sciences in Siberia]. Vol. 30. No. 2: 14–23. (In Russ.)

Popkov Yu.V., Tyugashev E.A. (2009) The subject of ethnosociology: a re-conceptualization. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 3(299): 93–100. (In Russ.)

Russian society and the challenges of the time. Book 6. (2022). Ed. by M.K. Gorshkov, N.E. Tikhonova. Moscow: Ves’ Mir. (In Russ.)

Social Development of the Rural Population of the Yakut ASSR: a coll. of scientif. papers. (1984). Ed. by V.I. Boyko. Yakutsk: Yakutskoe kn. Izd-vo. (In Russ.)

Tinikova E.E. (2020) Features of ethnicity and interethnic relations in the urban and rural environment of Khakasia. Monitoring obshestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskie i social`nyje peremeny [Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes]. No. 4(158): 533–548. (In Russ.)

Tomaska A.G. (2017) Internal migration movement in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Obshestvo: sociologiya, psixologiya, pedagogika [Society: Sociology, Psychology, Pedagogy]. No. 12: 45–49. (In Russ.)

Vasilyeva O.V. (2019) The Impact of Socio-economic Status on Attitudes towards Migrants in the North-East of Russia. Mir Rossii. Sociologiya. Etnologiya [Universe of Russia. Sociology. Ethnology]. Vol. 28. No. 4: 152–171. (In Russ.)

Content No 1, 2024