Russians’ Attitudes Regarding Preparation for Retirement: Its Content and Formation Factors

Russians’ Attitudes Regarding Preparation for Retirement:
Its Content and Formation Factors

Kiselev I.Yu.

Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Head of the Chair of Sociology, Yaroslavl State University named after P.G. Demidov, Yaroslavl, Russia.

Mikhailova E.V.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Assoc. Prof. Chair of Sociology, Yaroslavl State University named after P.G. Demidov, Yaroslavl, Russia

Smirnova A.G.

Cand. Sci. (Polit.), Assoc. Prof., Chair of Sociology, Yaroslavl State University named after P.G. Demidov, Yaroslavl, Russia.

ID of the Article:

The article was prepared within the framework of the internal initiative project (VIP) of Yaroslavl State University “Labor, financial, health-­saving strategies of representatives of different age groups in the context of reforming the pension system in Russia” (project VIP‑020).

For citation:

Kiselev I.Yu., Mikhailova E.V., Smirnova A.G. Russians’ Attitudes Regarding Preparation for Retirement: Its Content and Formation Factors. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2024. No 2. P. 24-35


The article presents the results of empirical study conducted in the Yaroslavl region in April-­June 2023. In its content the attitude towards the preparation for retirement is interpreted in the study in accordance with a three-­component structure (cognitive, affective and behavioral components) based on the core variable «preparation for retirement». The relevance of the study of attitudes’ content, regarding preparation for retirement in various age groups of the population, is substantiated. The orientation towards the search for age-related shifts in the content of such attitudes determined the design of the study sampling. Using the logical rectangle method, four generalized attitudes regarding the preparation for retirement were identified. The attitude towards the deferred preparation for retirement, which is shared by the relative majority of the respondents, has become the dominant. The actual attitude towards the preparation for retirement, which implies that its supporters do not only consider it expedient to prepare for retirement in advance, but carry out personal planning in this direction as well, characterizes 13.18% of the respondents. The influence of the age factor and the modalities of representations about life in retirement on the content of the attitudes under this study is revealed. The approaching of the retirement date and the positive modality of life representations after the retirement contribute to the formation of the actualized attitude towards preparation for retirement. At the same time, the remoteness of retirement in the life perspective of the respondent, as well as negative representations about life in retirement, block the formation of such attitude.

attitudes; preparation for retirement; retirement planning; adaptation to life after retirement; factors of attitudes’ formation; way of life in retirement


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