Effects of Post-globalization and Post-virtualization
Dr. Sci. (Sociol.), Prof., Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration; Head of the Department of Theory and History of Sociology, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper is supported by RFBR, project No. 18-18-00132.
The article is presenting a new approach to conceptualization of social change. Discourses of the postmodern and globalization are in crisis. Postmodernist ‘the end of the social’ did not come and globalization resulted not in the ‘world society’ but in the networked super-urban enclaves of globality where flows of things, symbols, and humans made social life super-intensive and contrasting with the social life decline in surrounding towns and rural areas. Development of megacities as points of access to networks and flows is a tendency of post-globalization. At the same time, reality of post-virtualization arises because after virtualization of social reality this reality does not disappear, as postmodernists presupposed, but it is becoming more intensive and taking forms which can be characterized as ‘augmented modernity’. Metaphor of augmented reality becomes an effective tool of analysis in places where different social realities are mutually penetrating and where physical and digital, material and symbolic, private and public, production and consumption components of human existence are mixed and integrated.
Иванов Д.В. Критическая теория и виртуализация общества // Социологические исследования. 1999. № 1. С. 32–40. [Ivanov D.V. (1999) Critical Theory and Virtualization of Society. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaiya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 32–40. (In Russ.)].
Appadurai A. (1990) Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy. In: Featherstone M. (ed.) Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalization, and Modernity. London: SAGE Publications: 295–310.
Appadurai A. (1996) Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Baudrillard J. (1983) In the Shadow of the Silent Majorities, or The End of the Social and other Essays. New York: Semiotext(e).
Baudrillard J. (1981) Simulacres et simulation [Simulacra and Simulation]. Paris: Galilée. (In Fr.)
Beck U. (1997) Was ist Globalisierung? [What is Globalization?] Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp. (In Germ.)
Castells M. (2000) The Rise of the Network Society. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
Deleuze G., Guattari F. (1980) Mille plateau [Thousand Trays]. Paris: Minuit. (In Fr.)
Giddens A. (1990) The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Ivanov D. (2016) New Forms of Inequality and the Structures of Glam-Capitalism. Social Evolution & History. Vol. 15. No. 2: 25–49.
Lyotard J.-F. (1979) La Condition postmoderne. Rapport sur le savoir [The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge]. Paris: Minuit. (In Fr.)
McKinsey Global Institute. (2011) Urban World: Mapping the Economic Power of Cities. New York: McKinsey & Company.
Robertson R. (1992) Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. London: SAGE Publications.
Robertson R. (1995) Glocalization: Time-Space and Homogeneity-Heterogeneity. In: Featherstone M., Lash S., Robertson R. (eds) Global Modernities. London: SAGE Publications: 25–44.
Robertson R. (1990) Mapping the Global Condition: Globalization as a Central Concept. Theory, Culture & Society. Vol. 7. No. 2: 15–30.
The Brookings Institution. (2012) In: Global Metro Monitor: Slowdown, Recovery. Metropolitan Policy Program. Washington, DC: Brookings.
The Brookings Institution. (2018) Global Metro Monitor 2018. Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings. Washington, DC: Brookings.
United Nations. (2014) In: World Urbanization Prospects 2014. New York: UN DESA.
United Nations. (2018) In: World Urbanization Prospects 2018. Highlights. New York: UN DESA.
Waters M. (1995) Globalization. London: Routledge.