Bologna Experience: Successes and Doubts

Bologna Experience:
Successes and Doubts

Kliucharev G.A.

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Head of the Center for Sociology of Education and Science of the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Professor of the Department of Philosophy, Sociology and Law named after G.S. Arefieva, Moscow, Russia.

Tyurina I.O.

Cand. Sci. (Sociol.), Leading Researcher at the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

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For citation:

Kliucharev G.A., Tyurina I.O. Bologna Experience: Successes and Doubts. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. 2023. No 4. P. 84-93


The expected formal withdrawal of Russian higher education from the Bologna process raises the question of assessing the experience gained in this area over two decades. The question of the possibility and expediency of using this experience in the further development of existing education is of high relevance. The article uses data from the monitoring of the Bologna process in education management bodies, in higher and secondary educational institutions, as well as among their administrations and teaching staff. Specific data were obtained by a joint study of the Center for the Sociology of Science and Education of the Federal Research Sociological Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Center for Social Forecasting LLC (N=3677, October 2021) For three subsamples of graduates: bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, specialty – the following indicators were analyzed: employment in the received specialty, expected and actual wages, readiness for additional and continuing education. An assessment and forecast of the applicability in the conditions of modern Russian realities of such “Bologna” practices as the creation of National research universities, the Unified State Examination, GIFO, educational lending, intra-country educational migration and inter-university exchanges, overcoming inequalities and the availability of quality education.

Bologna experience; bachelor’s degree; master’s degree; specialty; employment of graduates; availability of quality education; research universities; online and distance education; additional and continuing education; lifelong learning


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